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“Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.”But some of the sect of the Pharisees who believed rose up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.” (Acts 15:1-5)
The debate: Hellenistic Judaism “would admit Gentiles after having undergone the rite of baptism; that is, regeneration by living water (see Sibyllines. iv. 164 et seq.: “Wash your whole stature clean from impurity in running streams, and, with hands uplifted to heaven, ask for forgiveness for your doing; then the worship of will heal gross impiety”).
R. Joshua asserting that the…baptismal rite, rendered a person a full proselyte without circumcision, as Israel, when receiving the Law, required no initiation other than the purificative bath
R. Eliezer makes circumcision a condition for the admission of a proselyte (Yeb. 46a).