Friday , 31 October 2014

Satan’s Origin and Fall

The Bible teaches us of a being who is the foremost antagonist to mankind and God. He is an agent of evil and is hellbent on destroying mankind whom God made in His image. The Bible is clear that this being who we know as Satan, is not the equal to God but is a creature of God that is in rebellion. Of course, Satan would have us believe otherwise. He would like us to think that he is equal to the God of the Bible, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and that he might win the battle that is currently raging. Over the centuries, Satan has appeared and been known by various names – to the ancient Sumerians he was Enlil, to the Akkadians he was Illil, to the Greeks he was Zeus who murdered his father and to the Romans he was Jupiter. However, the Bible gives the true account of his origin and fall and what we find is essentially a mirror image of the other ancient cultures. Thus, the ancient witnesses are relevant in that they give us the reverse perspective of just how Satan would like to be viewed. Only the Bible, however, gives us the complete and proper picture of how he came about and what will ultimately be his demise.

We are told of Satan’s fall from heaven in  Ezekiel chapter 28 and Isaiah chapter 14. There are several important clues in the texts that tie together the two passages, as can be seen in the table below. Satan is referred to as the King of Tyre (note that the beginning of the Ezekiel 28 refers to a prince of Tyre). In Isaiah he is refered to as the King of Babylon (for example, in Daniel chapter 10 an angel was detained by the Prince of Persia and the kings of Persia, a reference to demonic beings, which we will discuss in chapter seventeen). In reality he is the ruler of this entire world.

Son of man, take up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, “Thus says the Lord GOD: “You were the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. You were in Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone was your covering: The sardius, topaz, and diamond, Beryl, onyx, and jasper, Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold. The workmanship of your timbrels and pipes Was prepared for you on the day you were created. “You were the anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones. You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you. By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you [abedkha אַבֶּדְךָ֙], O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones. Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; I cast you to the ground, I laid you before kings, that they might gaze at you. You defiled your sanctuaries By the multitude of your iniquities, By the iniquity of your trading; Therefore I brought fire from your midst; It devoured you, And I turned you to ashes upon the earth In the sight of all who saw you. All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you; You have become a horror, And shall be no more forever,”‘ (Ezekiel 28:12-19 emphasis mine)

You will take up this taunt against the king of Babylon: “How the oppressor has ceased, the insolent fury ceased! ​​​​​​​​The Lord has broken the staff of the wicked, the scepter of rulers, ​​​​​​​​that struck the peoples in wrath with unceasing blows, that ruled the nations in anger with unrelenting persecution. ​​​​​​​​The whole earth is at rest and quiet; they break forth into singing. ​​​​​​​​The cypresses rejoice at you, the cedars of Lebanon, saying, ‘Since you were laid low, no woodcutter comes up against us.’ ​​​​​​​​Sheol beneath is stirred up to meet you when you come; it rouses the shades [Rephaim] to greet you, all who were leaders of the earth; it raises from their thrones all who were kings of the nations. ​​​​​​Your pomp is brought down to Sheol, the sound of your harps; maggots are laid as a bed beneath you, and worms are your covers. “How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star [heilel הֵילֵ֣ל], son of Dawn [ben shakhar בֶּן־שָׁ֑חַר]! How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low! ​​​​​​​​You said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; above the stars of God I will set my throne on high; I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far reaches of the north; ​​​​​​​​I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.’ ​​​​​​​​But you are brought down to Sheol, to the far reaches of the pit, (Isaiah 14:4-15 ESV emphasis mine).

The table below summarizes the similarities between the two passages:

Table Comparing The Descriptions of Satan as The King of Tyre and the King of Babylon
Ezekiel 28:12-19 (The King of Tyre) Isaiah 14:11-19 (The King of Babylon)
You were in Eden, the garden of God
timbrels and pipes the sound of your harps
Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; ​​​​​​​​You said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; above the stars of God I will set my throne on high; I will make myself like the Most High.’
holy mountain of God I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far reaches of the north; ​​​​​​​​I will ascend above the heights of the clouds
You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones above the stars of God I will set my throne on high
cast you as a profane thing out of the mountain of God and I destroyed you, O covering cherub How you are fallen from heaven
You became filled with violence within, and you sinned […] I cast you to the ground How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low!
I laid you before kings, That they might gaze at you ​​​​​​​​Those who see you will gaze at you
In the sight of all who saw you. All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you And consider you, saying: Is this the man who made the earth tremble, who shook kingdoms
But you are cast out of your grave like an abominable branch You have become a horror, and shall be no more forever

Satan’s Name

An important place to begin towards an understanding of Satan and his fall is his name. The Hebrew word for “Lucifer” found in Isaiah 14:12 is Heilel (Hêlēl הֵילֵ֣ל). Dr. Bill Gallagher has positively demonstrated that the Hebrew Heilel is synonymous with the Akkadian Ellil/Illil and Sumerian Enlil. In his article On the Identity of Helel Ben Sahar of Is 14:12-15 he shows that the Hebrew Heilel is equivalent phonetically to the Akkadian Illil (or Ellil). He states: “One could reasonably expect hll to be the West Semitic form of Illil. As the Ebla tablets suggest, Illil came into West Semitic directly from Sumerian.” [i] Let us note however, that this does not mean that Isaiah “borrowed” the concept from Sumeria and Assyria but rather that God directed him to properly identify that ancient god, whom we know as Satan or Lucifer.

Having explained linguistically how the biblical Heilel (Hêlēl) is equivalent to the Akkadian Illil, Dr. Gallagher then notes the similar characteristics between the two. He first notes the correlation of astral functions between the two:

Illil’s astral function is mentioned in numerous sources. […] Illil was the god of 33 “stars” by which constellations and one planet are meant [footnote: Jupiter]….Thus Illil was ruler of a very large part of the heavens. Illil also had a street called the “Way of those (stars) of Illil,” (emphasis mine).

The number 33 is very fascinating when we consider that according to Revelation 12:4 Satan drew 1/3 of the stars (angels/demons) with him when he fell. One third of course is 33/100 or 33%. Secondly, we note they are stars – in the Bible “stars” very frequently is a term used to describe angelic beings – thus him being the god of 33 stars is extremely similar to the 1/3 of the stars that fell with Satan. [ii]

Dr. Gallagher then notes the “seven characteristics which are helpful in identifying Hêlēl” from Isaiah 14:12-15 and notes how these characteristics can be compared with Illil:

Isaiah’s Description Illil’s Description
  1. His name was Hêlēl (Isaiah 14:12).
  2. He was the son of dawn (vs. 12).
  3. He laid the nations low (vs. 12).
  4. He aspired to set up his throne above the stars of El (vs. 13).
  5. He aspired to sit in the mount of assembly and on Saphon (14:13).
  6. He aspired to be like the Most High (14:14)
  7. He fell down to earth into the midst of the pit (14:12, 15).
  1. hyll Hebrew equivalent of Illil
  2. Causes the dawn [iii]
  3. Illil was a devastator
  4. Illil’s astral function was immense
  5. Illil was among the most prominent members in it (in the divine assembly)
  6. Illil was the highest in Mesopotamia until the end of the second millennium
  7. Illil’s fall into the underworld is recorded in first millennium texts

Dr. Gallagher has sufficiently demonstrated the linguistic and characteristic parallels between the biblical Heilel and the Akkadian Illil for us to conclude that they are one and the same. We ought to pause here and note that this does not make Isaiah’s prophecy dependent on Akkadian documents, as many Ancient Near East and Biblical scholars presume. What it does prove is that Heilel was known as a god outside of the Bible and was worshipped accordingly. The being we know as Satan has many different names which the Bible notes (Revelation 12:9; 20:2) and Illil/Heilel is one of those names.

Further Common Features of Heilel and Illil

With the clear identity as Heilel we can investigate more about this god. What we find is extremely enlightening and once again confirms Dr. Gallagher’s conclusion on the identity of Heilel. Micha F. Lindemans in the Encyclopedia Mythica writes about Enlil which is the Sumerian equivalent to Ellil/Illil:

In ancient Sumero-Babylonian myth, Enlil (“lord wind”) is the god of air, wind and storms. Enlil is the foremost god of the Mesopotamian pantheon, and is sometimes referred to as Kur-Gal (“great mountain“). In the Sumerian cosmology he was born of the union of An heaven and Ki earth. These he separated, and he carried off the earth as his portion. In later times he supplanted Anu as chief god.

Enlil holds possession of the Tablets of Destiny which gives him power over the entire cosmos and the affairs of man. [iv] […] Enlil is portrayed wearing a crown with horns, symbol of his power. His equivalent is the Akkadian god Ellil. [v]

Figure 3 Sumerian Cylinder Seal: Enlil, the winged goddess Inanna, the sun god Utu. .To the right is Enki, the god of the Abzu to his right Isimud

Not only was Enlil portrayed as wearing a crown of horns but it ranged between eight and ten. A crown with ten horns can be seen in the cylinder seal impression in the figures above. [vi]

These observations are confirmed by several other scholars as well. Kramer confirms that An (the creator god) carried off heaven while Enlil carried of the earth and assumed most of An’s powers. Furthermore, he is also glorified as “the father of the gods, the king of heaven and earth,” “the king of all the lands”. [vii] He adds however, that Enlil was also known as the one who “causes the dawn”. [viii] Alfred Jeremias discusses how Enlil was assimilated to the northPole of the Ecliptic“. [ix] The Colombia Encyclopedia notes how Enlil was sometimes referred to as “Bel.” [x] Lastly, the encyclopedia Britannica adds the following insight into the characteristics of Enlil: “Although An was the highest god in the Sumerian pantheon, Enlil had a more important role as the embodiment of energy and force and authority.” [xi]

Summarizing the characteristics of Illil/Enlil we discover the following composite which is amazingly similar to the biblical picture we have of Satan – and it does not only come from Isaiah 14 as Dr. Gallagher pointed out to us initially but from the entire Bible.

Characteristics of Enlil/Ellil/Illil Characteristics of Biblical Satan/Lucifer/Devil
God of 33 Stars
  • His tail drew a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth, (Revelation 12:4).
God of the air / atmosphere
  • The LORD will punish on high the host of exalted ones, (Isaiah 24:21).
  • Prince of the power of the air, (Ephesians 2:2).
  • For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual [hosts] of wickedness in the heavenly places, (Ephesians 6:12).
Known as the Great mountain
  • I will rule on the mountain of assembly, (Isaiah 14:13 NET).
  • You were on the holy mountain of God, (Ezekiel 28:14).
Assimilated to the north Pole of the Ecliptic
  • On the farthest sides of the north, (Isaiah 14:13)
  • Beautiful in elevation, The joy of the whole earth, [Is] Mount Zion [on] the sides of the north, The city of the great King (Psalms 48:2). [God’s true kingdom]
  • Separated heaven and earth
  • Carried away earth as his portion
  • Supplanted Anu as chief god
  • Was the embodiment of energy and force and authority
    • Again, the devil took… and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory. And he said to Him, “All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship me,”(Matthew 4:8-9).
    • Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world [cosmos κόσμος] will be cast out, (John 12:31).
    • for the ruler of this world is coming, and he has nothing in Me. (John 14:30)
    • the ruler of this world is judged, (John 16:11).
    • ‘to open their eyes, [in order] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan to God…’ (Acts 26:18)
    • whose minds the god of this age [aion αἰών] has blinded… (2 Corinthians 4:4).
    • He has delivered us from the power of darkness and conveyed [us] into the kingdom of the Son of His love… (Colossians 1:13).
    • You are of God, little children, and have overcome them, because He who is in you is greater than he who is in the world, (1 John 4:4).
    • We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies under the sway of the wicked one, (1 John 5:19).
Holds Tablets of Destiny giving him authority over cosmos and mankind
  • And I saw in the right [hand] of Him who sat on the throne a scroll written inside and on the back, sealed with seven seals, (Revelation 5:1).
  • Then one of the elders said to me, “Stop weeping! Look, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has conquered; thus he can open the scroll and its seven seals,” (Revelation 5:5).
Wears a crown with horns
  • a huge red dragon that had seven heads and ten horns, (Revelation 12:3).
  • Then I saw a beast […] It had ten horns and seven heads, (Revelation 13:1).
  • It was different from all the beasts that came before it, and it had ten horns, (Daniel 7:7).
Causes the dawn
  • son of the morning! (Isaiah 14:12).
Referred to as Bel
  • Bel bows down, Nebo stoops; Their idols […] (Isaiah 46:1).
  • Say, ‘Babylon is taken, Bel is shame […] Her idols are humiliated, (Jeremiah 50:2).
  • I will punish Bel in Babylon, And I will bring out of his mouth what he has swallowed; And the nations shall not stream to him anymore, […] (Jeremiah 51:44).
Banished to the underworld
  • How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star [Heilel הֵילֵ֣ל], son of Dawn [ben shakhar בֶּן־שָׁ֑חַר]! How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low! (Isaiah 14:12).
  • Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub […] (Ezekiel 28:16).
Father of the godsKing of heaven and earth
  • For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend into heaven […]
  • I will be like the Most High,’ (Isaiah 14:13-14).

After analyzing the table, there can be no doubt that the Sumerian Enlil and Akkadian Ellil/Illil are one and the same with the Heilel of Isaiah 14:12. Thus, the composite we get of Satan is intriguing – the Sumerian/Akkadian Illil is essentially a mirror image of what we have in the Bible. Whereas God cast him out because he attempted (and failed) to ascend to the heights and be like God in the Bible, in the Sumerian/Akkadian tradition he has attained those things. He is known as “the father of the gods, king of heaven and earth” – just what he always wanted. Whereas Satan wanted to be on top of the mountain of God, in the Sumerian/Akkadian tradition he was known as the Great Mountain. In the Bible he is son of the dawn and as Illil he caused the dawn.

God of this World and Tablets of Destiny

The explanation of the separation of heaven and earth is also of great interest and there appears to be some truth in it, though it is a twisted form of the actual events. What we can glean from that is that heaven (God’s abode) and earth (man’s abode) used to be connected and as a result of Satan’s actions and the fall of man, heaven and earth separated. The Creator God (An) took heaven (dwells there until now) and Satan (Enlil) took the earth. This is why Satan could offer the earth to the Lord Jesus when he came because he actually held the (legal) title to the earth (see table above for references). Revelation 21 indicates however that God’s dwelling will come down to the earth and forever be connected to man’s abode. It is also so like Satan to tell humanity that the Creator God (An) was not that interested in the affairs of men – that He was too busy and rather aloof and therefore he, Enlil, was the go-to-god.

The Millennium Chronicles

Additionally, the Bible confirms that Satan is the god of this world (for the time being). As Illil he holds the Tablets of Destiny which give him authority over the cosmos and the affairs of men. In Revelation chapter five we see a powerful scene in the throne room of Heaven; there we find a scroll with writing inside and on the back which no one is able to open.

And I saw in the right [hand] of Him who sat on the throne a scroll written inside and on the back, sealed with seven seals. Then I saw a strong angel proclaiming with a loud voice, “Who is worthy to open the scroll and to loose its seals?” And no one in heaven or on the earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll, or to look at it. […] Then one of the elders said to me, “Stop weeping! Look, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, has conquered; thus he can open the scroll and its seven seals.” (Revelation 5:1-3, 5).

Finally only one is found worthy to open it – the Lion of Judah who “has conquered.” However, the question arises: conquered what? Given that when the two-sided scroll is opened cataclysms begin happening on the earth, it is therefore reasonable to assume that the scroll is the deed of the earth or the “tablets of destiny.” Pastor Chuck Smith commenting on Revelation chapter five notes well:

This book is nothing other than the title deed to the earth. Under Jewish law whenever you sold property in the deed there was always a redemptive clause. You always had the right to buy the property back within a specified period of time providing you could fulfill the terms and the requirements that were written in the deed.

So wherever there was the sale of property, there were always two deeds that were drawn up. One deed was sealed and it was put away in a safe deposit. The other remained open and was kept by the person who sold the property. And in the time of redemption you would bring both deeds, the one that was open and the one that was sealed. And by the open deed you would prove that you were the one that had the right to redeem it. And in the redeeming of it, you would break the seals of the closed deed and you would fulfill the requirements therein, and thus, the property would revert to you. [xii]

Jesus conquered Satan and death by way of His death on the cross and the scene in Heaven is merely where he finally takes possession of that which He conquered. As He lays claim to what is His, the old kingdom begins to fall apart and disintegrate. The time of disintegration is what is known as the Great Tribulation.

Why Satan Fell

We have one final question to consider in our study of Satan’s origins is why he fell in the first place. From all that we have seen in this book concerning the Image of God and what he looks like and how the angels look, we might be able to speculate just a bit. We know from Ezekiel 28 that Satan, the anointed cherub, was the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty and his fall was due to his great beauty.

​​​​​​​Your heart was proud because of your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom on account of your splendor. I threw you down to the ground; I placed you before kings, that they might see you, (Ezekiel 28:17 NET).

When humans see an angel they are overwhelmed. Both Daniel and John fall to the ground debilitated as a result. John was so overcome that on two occasions he began to worship the angel who quickly exhorted him to do not that.

And I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “See [that you do] not [do that!] I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren who have the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy,” (Revelation 19:10).

Now I, John, saw and heard these things. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship before the feet of the angel who showed me these things. Then he said to me, “See [that you do] not [do that.] For I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren the prophets, and of those who keep the words of this book. Worship God.” (Revelation 22:8-9).

It is not just that John was overtaken by the angel standing before him but in his vision he had already seen the Lord Himself. Therefore we can surmise that Satan must have been so amazing in splendor (at least outwardly) and so similar in appearance to God that he began to compare himself with God and could not see any qualitative difference, “You were the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty,” (Ezekiel 28:12). Of course, regardless of how glorious he appeared bodily, Satan would always be a created being. His very existence was a gift from the Almighty and so therefore he would never even begin to truly be like God – he was just a creature. “You [were] perfect in your ways from the day you were created” (Ezekiel 28:15). Therefore, we may conclude that because outwardly he was glorious like God, he apparently believed himself to be equal (or close enough) to God and then attempted to rise up to the place where God was. “For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation” (Isaiah 14:13). When Satan attempted to magnify himself to God’s level, God cast him “as a profane thing [vaekhalelkhaוָאֶחַלֶּלְךָ] out of the mountain of God,” (Ezekiel 28:16). Furthermore, God says:

And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, from the midst of the fiery stones. Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; I cast you to the ground, I laid you before kings, That they might gaze at you. You defiled [khilalta חִלַּלְתָּ] your sanctuaries by the multitude of your iniquities, (Ezekiel 28:16b-18a).

It appears that God, in some way that we do not fully understand, then took out (caused to go out of) the fire that was in Satan (as an angelic being created in God’s image):

Therefore I brought fire from your midst; It devoured you, And I turned you to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all who saw you. All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you; You have become a horror, And shall be no more forever.”‘ (Ezekiel 28: 18b-19).

Bible commentator David Guzik sums up with a very plausible explanation as to why Satan fell. He suggests that Satan rebelled when faced with the prospect of having to serve man, who was below him in glory and power:

Perhaps because he rejected God’s plan to create an order of being made in His image (Gen. 1:26), who would be beneath the angels in dignity (Heb. 2:6-7a; 2Pe. 2:11), yet would be served by angels in the present (Heb. 1:14; 2:7-8; Psa. 91:11-12) and would one day be lifted in honor and status above the angels (1Co. 6:3; 1Jo. 3:2). Satan wanted to be the highest among all creatures, equal to God in glory and honor, and the plan to create man would eventually put men above angels. He was apparently able to persuade one-third of the angelic beings to join him in his rebellion (Rev. 12:3-4, 7, and 9). If this is the case, it explains well Satan’s present strategy against man: to obscure the image of God in man through encouraging sin and rebellion, to cause man to serve him, and to prevent the ultimate glorification of man, (Guzik’s Commentary on the Whole Bible, Isaiah 14).

Having fallen from God’s presence Satan then deceived the very ones who were created in God’s image and likeness and in whom God had breathed the breath of life. As a result God spoke of the Seed of the Woman to save them and of the seed of Satan who would strike the Redeemer’s heel but would ultimately be destroyed. With this pronouncement in mind Satan set out to overcome the judgment that he faced by distorting the seed of mankind through whom the Promised One would come.


[i] W.R. Gallagher, UF 26 (1994) pp 131-146.

[ii] The number is also suggestive of the 33 degrees of Freemasonry whose highest members are knowingly in the service of Lucifer (see appendix one).

[iii] This point is discussed in Kramer, Samuel Noah The Sumerians The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1963. pp. 37-41.

[iv] “Enlil made the Anzu an extra fate and appointed him the guardian of his chambers. This included guarding over the Tablets of Destiny, which gave Enlil the power to decree fate. These tablets identify Enlil as the current head of the pantheon instead of the heaven god. The air god seems to have replaced An, or Anu (His Akkadian name), sometime around 2500 B.C. Although earlier stories tell of the Tablets of Destiny giving Anu-power, the tablets here are said to confer Enlil-power.” Retrieved December 17, 2010 from: http://lost-history.com/apocrypha6.html

[v] http://www.pantheon.org/articles/e/enlil.html May 23, 2010

[vi] Enlil was here identified by Sitchin 1983, The Stairway to Heaven, pg 114. Picture Retrieved December 16, 2010 from http://sumerianshakespeare.com/373712.html

[vii] Kramer, Samuel Noah The Sumerians The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1963. pp. 37-41.

[viii] Ibid. Pg 42.

[ix] Jeremias, Alfred 1913. Handbuch der altorientalischen Geisteskultur. Leipzig. p. 74.

[x] The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition 2008.The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Copyright 2008 Columbia University Press.

[xi] http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/58985/Enlil May 23, 2010

[xii] Smith, Chuck 1986 Through The Bible C-2000 Series, Revelation 5, retreived from theWord Bible Software.

The Millennium Chronicles
ancient sumerians demonic beings ezekiel chapter god of abraham isaac and jacob king of babylon king of tyre kings of persia lord god prince of persia Satan

About Doug Hamp

  • Simon N Jackie Manning

    From what I have read I believe the Heylel in Isaiah 14 is satan, I think one of the problems came in with the use of the term lucifer. It was put there when Jerome used Origen’s Septuagint in creating the vulgate. Origen’s manuscript had the word ehosphoros because he did not know what heylel meant, and ehosphoros was correctly translated as lucifer but given as a proper name. So if it was proper for Peter to use the term phosphoros to discribe Christ in our heart, then the use of lucifer up until the writing of the vulgate would have proper.

    But as Paul warned us satan would pretend to be the light bringer (masquerade as an angel of light), even abusing text to take the name light bringer. And as such has taken the name Lucifer to himself.

    Which is used as tool to deceive many gnostics, catholics and new age followers.

    But like I said this is what I see when I look into this.

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  • Belus Enlil

    OHHH you guys have it all wrong, the real SATAN is laughing at you because you blame the wrong god and call him Satan. You need to research again my friends until you come across the real Satan, and don’t ask me, because I won’t tell you. How dare you call my god Belus Enlil, Satan! I can’t believe everyone is so blind, it makes me wonder!

  • Mark

    Doug,

    First, thanks for providing a site that is always informative, causes more than just cursory thought, and remains firmly on the side of exegetical integrity.

    Could you comment a little further on this:
    Therefore I brought fire from your midst; It devoured you, And I turned you to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all who saw you. All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you; You have become a horror, And shall be no more forever.”‘ (Ezekiel 28: 18b-19)

    Being set in the future, is this annihilationism?

    • douglashamp

      I have posted a snippet from my new book that explains that passage. Elyon =God, Rakhil = Satan, malakhim=angels – the scene is the judgment in the garden of Eden.

      Elyon’s mighty voice thundered at his son turned enemy “Now because you
      despised the role of steward and servant to those made of dust and have caused
      their death that you might exalt yourself to the highest place, even above my
      throne, you will be debased (Luke 14:11, 18:14) for you are more despicable,
      more cursed than all the livestock, and more than all the earth’s animals.”
      (Gen 3:14) While Rakhil had been correct in surmising that Elyon could not
      destroy him, he apparently overlooked the fact that his beauty, rank, and
      splendor could be removed. How ironic it was that he who would not serve those
      made of dust should himself be made lower than the lowest of the animals and
      should eat dust. Elyon then caused the fire that was in him, (given to him by
      Elyon) to come out. (Ezek 28:18) This is a challenging concept until we
      remember that Elyon made the malakhim a flame of fire, (Ps 104:4) Heb 1:7)
      burning ones,[1] (Isa
      6:2; Rev 4:8) coals of fire with fire enveloping them. (Ezek 1:13) With the fire removed, the connection to
      Elyon was lost and immediately the glorious fire and radiance of light that had
      surrounded Rakhil began fading until it was completely extinguished. Without
      Elyon’s power to energize and recharge him, his spirit-body shriveled making
      him a grotesque and disfigured fiend, a freak and monstrosity.[2] The elohim (mighty ones),
      who were kings and sat in the divine council Elyon had created (Ps 82:1) gazed
      astonished (Ezek 28:17) and considered how his self-exaltation caused him to
      become a horror to all who would see him. (Ezek 28:19) (copyright Douglas Hamp 2012)

      [1] Seraphim
      literally means “burning ones”.

      [2] Rakhil’s
      disfigurement was noted in other commentators of the ancient manuscripts. “This
      is he who was hidden in the serpent, and who deceived you, and stripped you
      of the garment of light and glory in which you were. This is he who
      promised you majesty and divinity. Where, then, is the beauty that was on him?
      Where is his divinity? Where is his light? Where is the glory that rested on
      him? Now his figure is hideous; he is become abominable among angels; and he
      has come to be called Satan.” Pseudepigrapha Lost Books of Eden, The First Book
      of the Life of Adam and Eve, chapter. LI., pages 2, 5, 6-7, emphasis mine.

      • Mark

        Thanks Doug. I appreciate your answer.

        How do you come to the conclusion that verses 18-19 are set in the Garden of Eden? Also, how are we to understand that he (Satan) “shall be no more forever?”

        I am not an annhililationist, but this verse has puzzled me for many years, since even in the original there seems to be an indication that the fire consumes him and causes him to cease to exist.

        I look forward to your help and input, since your grasp of Hebrew is far superior to mine (I was very glad when I passed Hebrew IV in seminary and didn’t have to continue! :-) )

        • douglashamp

          If you go back and look at Ezekiel 28:13 it says clearly that he was in Eden, the Garden of God which is also said to be the holy mountain of God – cross reference that with Heb 12:22 and you see that it has to be the Heavenly Jerusalem. Also compare with Ps 48.

          • Mark

            Thanks again for continuing this conversation. I appreciate it, and want to know more about your interpretation for this passage…if this is all past tense and occurred in Eden, who are “the kings” referred to in verse 17 or “the peoples” in verse 19? If this was in Eden, it would have been at most Adam and Eve.

            Please hear my tone – I’m not arguing, but truly asking your opinion so I can better understand.

            I look forward to your thoughts.

          • d10omedez .

            I’ll take a crack at it. The word Kings in Ezekiel 28 verse 17 is the Hebrew word melek. If you cross reference Ezekiel 28 with Isaiah 14:9 you find that these Kings in reference are the “Rephaim.” The Rephaim were the dreaded and feared kings of old, essentially antediluvian giants. So these were to be understood as quasi divine/humans. However, your suspicions are correct. Adam and Eve were the only humans around and the verse is clearly not referring to divine beings. So the best answer is Context, Context, Context!!! I believe it is true that both Ezekiel as well as Isaiah are referring to the fall of Satan, however the broader more impending context of the chapter is directed at wicked foreign Kings (mortals), who are being compared to Satan. And when these kings, believing themselves equal to God/gods die, they will be put to shame in the same way as their predecessor, Satan.

      • Belus Enlil

        Doug, you need to research again my friend, you have it all wrong, sir! And don’t ask me, because I won’t tell you!!!
        Belus Enlil:)

        • Bobby

          Just stop with your nonsense, you will see who the Real Lord is soon….Dont ask me??? and why not then, all we will hear is a lie out of your mouth….

      • d10omedez .

        Good Stuff.

  • zukupow

    In your paragraph before the last, you quoted, “Perhaps because he rejected God’s plan to create an order of being made in His image (Gen. 1:26), who would be beneath the angels in dignity (Heb. 2:6-7a; 2Pe. 2:11)” this passages are taken from Psalm 8:5 and in the Hebrew it says Elohim, not Angels. We were made in the Image of GOD and not the Angels; we were therefore at a higher level at the beginning. My 2cents are that Satan got envious of us (Mankind), “The Crown of GOD’S Creation”. Angels have never been referred in the word of GOD in such a manner. Therefore rebelled and deceived 1/3 of the Angels of Heaven into agreeing with him.

    • Paul

      Elohim is a name used to describe the occupants of Heaven, and is not used exclusively to refer to God Himself. The Hebrew scholar Michael Heiser has written quite a bit on this: you can also find him giving lectures about it on YouTube.

    • douglashamp

      I suspect it wasn’t so much jealousy as much as not wanting to serve some one lower than oneself. (Heb 1:14). Blessings

    • d10omedez .

      I think the safest answers are always drawn from the text of the canon itself. And a clear cause I believe is given. Ezekiel 28:17 Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness. Isaiah 14:14 I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Summed up, it looks like a clear cut case of pride.

    • Bobby

      I have learned that we will be able to direct the angels, basically be over them in status with God, that is why lucifer wants to destroy us so bad, he feels that angels are above men, but that is not the case…..

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  • Jay Yeakley

    Hi, Douglas.

    A few years ago, in speculative response to intelligentsia’s
    dependency upon energy as God and largely due to the fact that energy is empirically
    observable and in as much cannot be indefinable God, I began to announce that
    God consumes energy.  Now, based upon the
    Scriptures that you have brought to bear upon this study, I am wondering along
    such views again.  Perhaps God’s heaven—the
    heaven currently separated from earth—the heaven “above the stars” where Satan
    wanted to set his throne—is the non-place beyond the expanding universe, with the
    universe’s expansion not affecting the non-space/non-time heaven/kingdom of God
    and, rather, being always consumed by this kingdom/reality of God.  Thus, I have been searching in vain for an
    understanding of God through my critical analyses of the cosmos, including the
    collective consciousness of mankind, because the cosmos in entirety currently
    belongs to Satan.  I repent.  Now, I can be fascinated by the reality
    suggested by the wording in Acts 26:18 where we who believe turn “from the
    dominion of Satan” (NASB) or “from the power of Satan” to God.  The interchangeable use of “dominion” and “power”
    in translation is interesting in that “dominion” can be thought of in terms of
    space and “power” in terms of energy, neither of which are used again in the verse in
    reference to God.  In other words,
    believers do not move from the dominion or power of Satan to the dominion or
    power of God.  Rather, they importantly
    move from dominion or power to God; they move from an empirical dominion and
    power, even if it is expanding, to something completely Other (Barth) called
    God.  So, perhaps God really does consume
    space and energy.

    Anyway, through the foolishness of these words, I am
    simply wanting to express my awe of God and God’s salvation to man.  I am in awe of God to be born not of the
    tainted blood, nor of the will of the flesh which leads me to destruction, nor
    of the black hole of the good or evil intentions of the will of man (John 1:13).  Instead, by God’s incredible gift through
    Christ Jesus, I and my brethren are new creatures alive through God’s Sprit from
    and to God.Jay YeakleyWoodland Park, CO

    Anyway, through the foolishness of these words, I am
    simply wanting to express my awe of God and God’s salvation to man.  I am in awe of God to be born not of the
    tainted blood, nor of the will of the flesh which leads me to destruction, nor
    of the black hole of the good or evil intentions of the will of man (John 1:13).  Instead, by God’s incredible gift through
    Christ Jesus, I and my brethren are new creatures alive through God’s Sprit from
    and to God.
    Jay YeakleyWoodland Park, CO

    • d10omedez .

      Jay, based on your thoughts I think it would be helpful for you to do a little study on the Aseity of God as well as his transcendence. You seem to be under the impression God is in need of something from his creation (ex. perhaps God really does consume
      space and energy).

  • Tom kuester

    awesome read doug i so appreciate the way you teach you are spot on keep up the good work your a true blessing to the body of christ .tomk

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