Archives March 2013

He is Risen, Lessons from the Edge of Eternity

The following snippet is from my upcoming book “Edge of Eternity.”

“No one took my life from me,” Aryeh said joyously. “I laid it down of my own free will; I had the authority to lay it down, and I have the authority to take it back again!” (John 10:18) Enosh looked at those around him amazed at his proclamation for there was saying there among the dead, “what valiant man can live and not see death? Who can deliver himself from the power of Sheol?” (Ps 89:48) Enosh rejoiced at the thought that the place had no power over him and that death would have no power over him. (John 11:25; Rom 14:8; 2 Cor 5:14; Rev 1:18)

“Now I shall depart,” he said resolutely. Elyón is not leaving my soul in Sheol and is not allowing me to experience corruption. (Ps 16:10) The keys of Sheol and the keys of Death are now mine.” (Rev 1:18) Then he was gone. The virtuous dead cheered for it was the first time that anyone had ever left the Bor of his own accord!

 Yet still Enosh remained.

“It has now been thirty seven days since Aryeh left Sheol and yet here we remain,” Enosh said to Hava and the millions who were standing near them. “He promised he will deliver us from the depths of Sheol because his kindness for us great. (Ps 86:13) Hava said reassuringly. Elyón will truly redeem us from the power of Sheol. He will surely receive us! (Ps 49:15) Suddenly they felt themselves lifting up out of Sheol.

“At last,” Enosh called out joyfully. “We are finally, at the appointed time, escaping the place of our banishment. What a gift has given to us!” (Eph 4:8) They were quickly up over the Earth, though no living mortal could see them. They looked over and saw Aryeh also ascending from the Earth to a cloud which hid him from the living standing on the Earth below (Acts 1:9; Rev 12:5) as a door in the veil opened. (Acts 7:55, 56)

Enosh considered the days before there was a veil and how Elyón had simply wanted live with him and his sons and daughters without any separation between them. (Ezek 37:28, 43:9; 2Cor 6:16; Rev 7:15; 21:3) He had wanted to make his home with them and share his heart –  (John 14:23) all cut short cut short by the slander of Rakhíl. (I John 3:8) Consequently, Elyón’s compassion forced him to put a wall of separation (Eph 2:14) between himself and Earth to destroy it. (Isa 30:33) The veil had shielded the earth and its inhabitants from Elyón’s fiery lightning presence which was too powerful the degenerative and decaying Earth (Exod 19:18; Ps 97:5, 104:32) Only at the time at the restoration of all things, (Acts 3:21) when Enosh and sons (Rom 8:19-21) clothed with yeshuáh ((Proverbs 13:9, 20:20, 24:20; Job 18:5, 21:17; Isa 61:10; Dan 12:3; Mat 13:43; Rev 19:8) could the veil come down. (Isa 25:6-7, 34:4; 2Pet 3:10)

Rakhíl stood looking at Enosh and Hava and their sons and daughters passing by him through the second realm of heaven into the third, the domain of Elyón. He was utterly stunned by the expense that Elyón went to rescue the sons of Enosh. He was speechless for a time because he had calculated so cunningly and precisely that Enosh and his sons would never be free and would be slaves in Sheol forevermore. His authority over the planet was broken. He knew that Elyón could have squashed him at any moment if it were merely a matter of power. However, Elyón had given the earth to Enosh and he had foolishly forfeited it to Rakhíl which gave him authority over Enosh and his kin and the very planet itself; that was why he was able to take Aryeh and show him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory could give Aryeh all those things if he would just fall down and worship him. (Mat 4:8)

Rakhíl was obviously not willing to relinquish his authority freely which is why Elyón did not send Aryeh immediately after the Downfall but now Aryeh had completely disarmed him and his malakhim through his selfless and humiliating act on the tree and had made a public spectacle of them. (Col 2:15) Aryeh fixed his eyes which were like flames of fire on Rakhíl as he victoriously marched past with the captives declaring, “You have been judged (John 16:11) because from the power of Sheol I am rescuing them, from death I am redeeming them. Death, where are your plagues?!” Aryeh mocked. “Sheol, where is your destruction?!” He said laughing joyfully. “My eyes will remain closed to your pleas for compassion.”(Hos 13:14)

Enosh smiled jestingly at Rakhíl, the prince of the power of the air and at his principalities, his powers, his rulers of darkness of that age, and past the spiritual hosts of wickedness in those heavenly places behind the veil (Eph 6:12) as they traveled triumphantly past who all looked on with contorted, exasperated and confounded faces at those who were formerly slaves without any apparent hope. (Col 2:15) Aryeh led his entourage to his throne which was at the right hand of Elyón; all of the rebellious malakhim, authorities, and powers had been made subject to Him. (1Pet 3:22)

Aryeh saved them from the power of darkness and brought them into his kingdom (Col 1:13) because he overcame Rakhíl. They had been slaves under the basic principles of the world, yet when the appropriate time had come, Elyón sent Aryeh, born of a woman under the law of sin and death (Gal 4:4; Rom 8:2) in order to redeem those who were under the law and adopt them as sons of Elyón with the spirit of Aryeh in their hearts they would cry out “Abba!” (Gal 4:5-6) They actually became new creations and were born not of the earth but of the immaterial, created directly by Elyón (2 Cor 5:17; Gal 6:15)

We thank you, Aryeh,” Enosh said, “for you are far above every ruler, authority, power, dominion, and every name that can be named, not only in in this age, but also in the age to come!”  (Eph 4:10, 1:21)

The above snippet is from my upcoming book “Edge of Eternity.”

The Death of the Promised One, Lessons from New Book, “the Edge of Eternity”

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My new book, Edge of Eternity is centered on the time of the millennium and to fully explain the details of the millennium many foundational issues must be considered. The following snippet details Jesus (Aryeh) descending to the grave (Sheol).

Suddenly the earth began to quake (Mat 27:54) and Aryeh, son of Elyón, the King, the Promised One stood before them. “How glorious he is!” Enosh said rejoicing to those around him. “But why is he here in Sheol?” he said confused. Aryeh seemed even more beautiful than when he had first beheld his face at his creation and yet, somehow, he was different; his face was marred (Isa 52:14) and he appeared as a lamb that had been slain. (Isa 53:7; Rev 5:6) “Has he truly died?” He asked those around him in disbelief that Aryeh, son of Elyón could ever look like that. “How can his death free us from the power of Sheol?” The moment he said that it struck him in his very core; Aryeh had been willing to be beaten, mocked, and die a shameful and cruel death on account of his treachery! (Isa 53) He, the Promised One, Enosh realized, the glorious King himself, suffered for my sedition once for all, an innocent person, for me, the guilty! (1Pet 3:18) Enosh could say nothing and lowered his head in shame. “Enosh!” Aryeh said looking over at him with the same sparkle and joy in his eye when he had first created him. “I did it for the joy that is now mine. (Heb 12:2) Now I can take you, and all here who have waited for me, to Siyon, my City.”

He walked over to the great chasm which was separating those who were waiting for him and those who were not. He looked deep into the darkness of the chasm, to the lowest rung of the Bor to the imprisoned rebellious malakhim, who had revolted along with Rakhíl, and who disobeyed long ago in the days of Noakh (1Pet 3:20) and were locked up for the judgment of the great Day (Jude 1:6-7) They were the ones who did not keep within their proper domain but crossed the boundary and abandoned their own non-terrestrial bodies[i] when they took the daughters of Enosh for wives, indulging in sexual immorality and pursuing unnatural desire by mingling with the seed of men (Dan 2:43) fathering the fallen ones, the Nephilim. (Gen 6:1-4; Dan 2:43; 2 Pet 2:4; Jude 1:6-7)

“It…is…done!” He triumphantly thundered (John 19:30) at them. They attempted to lift their necks to look at their conqueror yet their unbreakable, eternal chains bound them so tightly they could even move. (Jude 1:6-7) They also remained speechless daring not open their mouths at the sight of him. (Isa 52:15)

 “Your stronghold is broken!” Aryeh chuckled happily. “Rakhíl, the ruler of the cosmos is judged and shall be cast out. (John 12:31) The power of death which Rakhíl used to keep the sons of Enosh in bondage and fear of death all their lives (Heb 2:14, 15) I have taken from him. (John 14:30) Both he and you are finally judged after so many years.” (John 16:11)



[i] In 2 Cor 5:2 we read of putting off the earthly habitation (the physical body) and putting on a heavenly habitation (spiritual body). The word oiketerion (οἰκητήριον) (habitation) is the same word used in 2 Pet 2:4. For we know that if our earthly house, [this] tent, is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed with our habitation which is from heaven, if indeed, having been clothed, we shall not be found naked. For we who are in [this] tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life. (2 Cor 5:1-4 NKJV)

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Love and Servanthood: Lessons from the Edge of Eternity

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The writing of my next book, Edge of Eternity, has taught me a great deal about the character of God which I believe is at the heart of why Satan rebelled; thoughhe was externally very similar to God (his appearance) he refused to demonstrate love through laying down his rights, and becoming a servant to others.

The following summary is woven into a story in the final product. Please pray for the publication of the book, its being made into a movie, and financial support along the way. Thanks!

 

All the things God made and gave to his sons were very good! (Gen 1:31). He was so powerful that there was nothing he could not do yet despite all of his limitless power, his glorious appearance, and his knowledge of all things, he was not able to inherently impart the one quality that stood out from the rest which was his compassion, his affection, his love. (I John 4:8; Exod 34:6-7; Ps 86:5; Ps 86:15; 2 Cor 13:11; Eph 2:4) The quality of love had to be reciprocal for it to be real and it had to also be gratuitous and uncompelled.

Thus even though he could easily give anything and everything to the angels and Adam, if they were to reciprocate, then they had to be afforded the opportunity to reject not only his gifts, but even the fellowship with him. This is why God created them with the capacity of self-determination; that is, the potential to choose something that God he did not delight in (Isa 45:7, 66:4) would never choose evil.[i] (Isa 66:4) He afforded them a chance to be like him through choosing something pleasing to him or something displeasing to him. (Isa 45:7) Only if the chance for rejection were real, could the opportunity for love be real.

Yet, if they could truly express love as he did, (which required serving and giving), then there could be an authentic, worthwhile and meaningful relationship between God and his creatures. Unlike human kings throughout our history that have lorded their authority and power over others demanding submission and obedience, (Matt 20:25-28) God, has not forced anyone because love simply never demands its own way. (1Cor 13:5) It is this quality, that Satan rejected.

God stated that whoever desired to be first among his peers, needed to be the slave – something that God proved he himself was willing to do. He proved it by washing the feet of others (John 13:14-15) and for the rebellious sons of Adam, he emptied himself, making himself of no reputation and gave his life-force in exchange for many. (Matt 20:25-28; John 3:16; Rom 5:8; Phil 2:7)

Thus the angels including Satan, whom God had created greater in strength than Adam, were free to choose[ii] their own path by conforming themselves to God’s great characteristic of love They could choose to cherish like he did by humbling themselves through serving Adam who was weaker than themselves or they could choose pride and self-exaltation. In either case, exercising a choice proved that they were like their creator, something he desired. (Gen 3:22) However, only an alignment with his will and rejecting the choice he did not desire evil could they enjoy pleasures at his right hand forever (Ps 16:11).

Through the life of Adam, the angels were also provided an opportunity to show love by serving someone lesser and weaker than themselves. Their role was to be helpers to those who were at the point of inheriting salvation. (Heb 1:14) Adam and Eve had need of taking of the tree of life (Gen 3:22) in order to live forever. Once they had taken of tree of life then they would be as strong as the angels (Luke 20:35-36) and yet greater because they were created body and soul and infused with God’s Spirit. (Mat 10:28; Gen 2:7; John 20:22)

Thus, the angels’ role was to watch over them (Dan 4:17) and guide and serve them in that endeavor or in any way needed. (Ps 91:11, 103:20; Dan 6:22; Mat 4:11) God had provided everything for Adam to make a choice that he might cherish in return and he afforded the angels with the opportunity to show love by serving one who was both weaker and younger than themselves and thus fulfill God’s fundamental, deep-seated character and constitution that there is no greater happiness than to give than to receive. (Acts 20:35) All of his sons could now be truly like him and a worthwhile relationship could develop between an almighty, all knowing, all powerful King and his finite sons made in his image.


[i] Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology defines evil in the following manner: “what is right was what was ordained by God, and what is wrong was what was proscribed by him, deviation from this paradigm constitutes what is ra.” Baker’s Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology (1996): Ra. The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT) notes the noun “ra, evil” is defined as “being that condition or action which in his (God’s) sight is unacceptable (Jer 52:2; Mal 2:17; cf. Neh 9:28),” (TWOT רָ֔ע ra).

[ii] For ‘Adam the choice would come through the agent of eating or refusing a certain fruit on a tree.

Angels, Aliens, and the Antichrist Revealed (Video Ad)

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An ancient prophecy from the book of Genesis states Satan will one day mix his DNA with humanity as a counterfeit of the Messiah. Jesus told us that the last days will be like the days of Noah when fallen angels mixed their seed with humanity. In the Book of Daniel we read that demonic kings will again mingle with the seed of men.

 

Corrupting the Image: Angels, Aliens and the Antichrist Revealed, a book by Douglas Hamp, brings together, perhaps for the first time ever, a comprehensive explanation of how the Antichrist will be a genetic hybrid counterfeiting the virgin birth and how he will come guised as the leader of an extraterrestrial race offering humanity the opportunity to upgrade their DNA in what the Bible calls the mark of the beast. This book is at the cutting edge of research and is written so that the average person can grasp the sinister plan that is unfolding before our very eyes and much more. Corrupting the Image is acclaimed to be “riveting,” “a thrilling read,” and “One of the most important books of our time”. Read Corrupting the Image to see that day of fulfillment is now! Click https://www.douglashamp.com/invite-me/ to book Douglas to come speak.

 

Prophecy Forum Conference a Success!

Doug teaching at the Prophecy Forum Hosanna Chapel

The Prophecy Forum Conference went great. The approximately 120 people in attendance came mostly from southern California, however, some traveled from as far away as Washington state and Arizona. It was clear that everyone was very engaged and understood the importance of the topic of “Aliens or Angels”. At one point, we took a survey of who had seen a UFO and about 25% of the people raised there hands – evidence of why we in the church need to be addressing this issue. Gonz Shimura finished out the conference with his debut presentation on the image of the Beast which I found to be amazing. Much of his research will be in the Age of Deceit II. We finished the conference with a time of questions and answers – something that all three of us speakers enjoy because it is an opportunity to clarify some of our points or address points that were missed. Thanks every one for praying! We would like to do another conference in the near future – if anyone has an idea for a venue please let us know.

Topics covered are in the store

 

 

Here is some feedback we have received:

Doug Rob Gonny at Prophecy Forum Conference Hosanna Chapel 2013

Hello gentlemen

 I just wanted to take a moment to thank you for a great conference…As an ex New-Ager, the material you cover makes so much sense to me and I can’t get enough. Your radio shows, books and film have been a significant part of my understanding and an in turn, salvation.  And as LA mentioned Saturday, some of us come to Christ in an unconventional way  and I am definitely in that category. There are many of us and your work is so important and is reaching more hearts than anyone will ever know.
During the conference, I realized what a blessing exposure to the material you cover BEFORE studying the Bible (from a non-New Age perspective that is).   Last year God told me to study the Book of Acts which finally put me on the right path. Currently I am taking a in depth 32 week study of the book of Genesis.  We are now in week 24 and while the class only touches on the topics we are discussing, prior study truly makes things click into place.  The book of Genesis so “alive” and all I can say is Wow!   I am a living testament that your teachings when overlaid on scripture allows for great understanding and reveals truth.   – C.W. Southern California

Sorry Calvin, God Foreknew Israel (Part 2 of 2)

Foreknowledge

Foreknowledge is a companion of election – but just like election, foreknowledge is a general reference to God having known the Israelites beforehand. Consider Paul’s definitive statement: “So I ask, God has not rejected his people, has he? Absolutely not! For I too am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin.God has not cast away His people whom He foreknew [proginosko προγινώσκω].” (Rom 11:1-2)  The word foreknow, like election, has nothing to do with having predestined someone to eternal life or eternal damnation, as Calvin suggested. “Foreknow” and “foreknowledge” are simply a verb and noun of the same basic stem. Look at the following verses that demonstrate that knowing something ahead of time is not only possible for God but for man as well and it does not entail the Calvinistic concept whatsoever: “They knew me from the first[proginosko προγινώσκω], if they were willing to testify…” (Acts 26:5) “You therefore, beloved, since you know [thisbeforehand[proginosko προγινώσκω], beware lest you also fall from your own steadfastness…” (2 Pet 3:17) In both of the verses, the word is the same – foreknowing and neither is God’s foreknowledge; it is simply man’s. Certainly neither of those two examples carries any sense of Calvinistic predestination. Peter speaks of Jesus being foreknown before the beginning of the world and is just now made known “He was foreknown [proginosko προγινώσκω] before the foundation of the world but was manifested in these last times for your sake“(1 Pet 1:20 NET) We witnessed before how Peter was addressing the Jews in his epistle whom he states to be elect according to God’s knowing beforehand: “…to the pilgrims of the Dispersion…elect according to the foreknowledge [prognosis πρόγνωσις] of God the Father…” Therefore, when we come to Romans 8 we ought not to jump to the Calvinistic definition, but to the God-foreknew-the-Jews definition. “And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.For whom He foreknew [proginosko προγινώσκω], He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom He predestined these He also called; whom He called…” ​(Rom 8:28-30)​​​​​​​ Even the act of calling we find spoken of concerning Israel in the book of Isaiah “But now, thus says the LORD, who created you, O Jacob, ​And He who formed you, O Israel: ​Fear not, for I have redeemed you; ​I have called you by your name; ​You are Mine.” (Isa: 43:1; see also: 54:6; 1 Pet 1:15, 2:9, 5:10)  Insofar as we Gentiles are grafted into the olive tree, then we share in the common purpose that God has for His elect, the Jews. “You, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree,” (Romans 11:17)

The Remaining Verses of Election

There remain a number of verses that speak of the elect in the New Testament. In light of all that we have studied we can confidently know that they have nothing to do with the Calvinistic idea of predestined to salvation or damnation. Furthermore, in almost all of the cases, understanding them to be a reference to the Jews, God’s chosen people, is warranted. Let’s briefly consider those remaining. When Jesus spoke of God avenging “His own elect who cry out day and night to Him,” (Luke 18:7) He was talking about the Jews. “Rufus, chosen in the Lord,” (Rom 16:13) may be speaking of him being Jewish. This would make the most sense given that of the many other (obviously) believing brothers and sisters in the chapter, only Rufus is called elect. Why would Paul refer to only him as being elect, if the Calvinistic definition of election were true? Were the others not also heirs of eternal life? Understanding that elect/election is not salvation and is generally a reference to the Jews the passage makes complete sense. It must be noted that Priscilla and Aquila, from Rome, were also Jewish and yet were not called elect. Could it be that because Paul had nothing else to say about Rufus that he simply stated that he was chosen/elect in the Lord? Ephesians 1:4 ought to be viewed in light of the chosen people, Israel: “just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love, (Eph 1:4). We know that Paul traveled to Ephesus and there spent three months reasoning with the Jews in the synagogues (Acts 19:1-8). Thus, Ephesians seems to be once again, for “the Jew first and then the Gentile” paradigm. The mention of elect in Colossians is probably also a reference to Jews: “…as the elect of God, holy and beloved…” (Col 3:12) Colossae was in Asia (minor) and we have seen how Peter wrote to those in the dispersion who were in Asia. We also know that Paul first entered the local synagogue wherever he went in order to persuade the Jews first. Thus, his letter to the Colossians, located in Asia is most likely a letter written in the principle of “Jews first and after that the Gentiles.” This is confirmed by looking at the Jews present on the day of Pentecost: “And there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven.Then they were all amazed and marveled, saying to one another… how is it that we hear, each in our own language in which we were born?Parthians and Medes and Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs…”(Acts 2:5,  7, 8, 9, 10, 11)

The letter to the Thessalonians is also a letter to the Jews first and then the Gentiles. In Acts 17 we read “they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. Then Paul, as his custom was, went in to them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures… and some of them were persuaded and … joined Paul and Silas.”​ (Acts 17:1, 2, 4) With that in mind, we can see why Paul would say “we give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers… knowing, beloved brethren, your election by God. (1 Thes 1:2, 4) Once again, election is not Calvinistic in its definition, but Jewish. Likewise in Titus 1:1 Paul speaks of the faith of God’s elect which very possibly was a reference to the faith of the Jewish people. The Apostle John wrote to “the elect lady and her children…” (2 John 1:1) Though there is debate whether this is addressed to an individual woman and her immediate family or to the larger community is not material for this study. However, the term elect would again point to a reference to someone ethnically Jewish. The salutation also points to someone who is ethnically Jewish. “The children of your elect sister greet you.” (2 John 1:13) We cannot help but think back to Peter’s address to the elect Diaspora and how the elect-together-with-you in Babylon (that is, fellow Jews) greeted them. The final mention of the elect is found in Revelation 17 “These will make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, for He is Lord of lords and King of kings; and those who are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful.”(Rev 17:14) We have seen that the elect and chosen do not refer to the Calvinistic concept of election. We have also seen that elect in the New Testament almost always refers to  Israelites. When the Lord Jesus comes back his entourage will absolutely include Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and their seed. The question, however, is will Gentiles also be among that group? Given the fact that we Gentiles are grafted into Israel (Rom 11:24) and enjoy blessings that come with that, we can be confident that we will be in that number returning with the Lord.

Conclusion

We thus come to the end of our study having seen that elect and election have nothing to do with salvation, predestined to eternal life or death, nor any Calvinistic definition whatsoever. God elected priests, kings, disciples, Messiah, angels, and Jerusalem – all of which had nothing to do with being predestined to salvation. We also saw that elected/chosen was used of foolish things and of false gods (on man’s part) – again, the term had nothing to do with being predestined to salvation. We then came to the election of Israel and saw that in no less than eight verses in the Old Testament God declared Israel to be His elect! Thus, when we turned to the New Testament we could see that elect/election/chosen never was there as a reference to being predestined to salvation; in fact, nearly every reference of the elect was to Israel. We looked at the elect in the tribulation and saw that it was speaking of the Jews. We looked at the epistles of Peter and found the mention there of elect was to the Jews. We looked at the book of Romans and again, the Jews were the elect. We examined the remaining verses that spoke of election or God’s choosing and found that they more than likely refer to Israel as the elect. Finally, we considered the term foreknowledge/foreknow and found that it is not a salvific term but simply God or even man, knowing something in advance. With all that we have seen we must therefore conclude that elect is not salvation. The definition that Calvin gave “Of the eternal election, by which God has predestinated some to salvation and others to destruction,” is completely lacking in Scripture. Election has nothing to do with salvation or damnation. It is simply God or man making a choice. However, the term “the elect” is more often than not, a reference to Israel/Jews who are of course God’s chosen people. The New Testament references of the elect are never speaking one’s eternal destiny but of God having chosen someone for a particular purpose. In almost all of the New Testament references, the elect are in fact the Jews! It turns out that the New Testament is more Jewish-centered than most of us ever imagined! The epistles of Paul, James, Peter, Hebrews and John are written to the Jew first and then the Gentiles. Personally, I am quite satisfied that God’s plans center around Israel; we Gentile believers have been grafted in which is good enough for me.

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Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations marked NKJV are from The New King James Version, Copyright © 1982 Thomas Nelson, Inc.. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Hebrew Scripture quotations are from Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Copyright © 1967/77, 1983 Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft Stuttgart. Used by permission. The Greek Old Testament Scriptures are from the Septuagint. New Testament Greek quotations are from the Greek New Testament according to the Byzantine Text form, edited by Maurice A. Robinson and William G. Pierpont, 2000 edition. Scripture quotations marked “KJV” are taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version, Cambridge, 1769. Scripture quotations marked “NET” are taken from New English Translation [computer file]: NET Bible. electronic edition. Dallas, TX : Biblical Studies Press, 1998. Used by permission. All rights reserved. All Scripture quotations have been retrieved using theWord Bible Software www.theword.net. All emphasis of Scripture verses is mine. All rights reserved. This publication may be reproduced so long as proper credit is given to Douglas Hamp with www.douglashamp.com clearly posted on the copy.