Category Corrupting the Image 3

Yarchetei Tzafon & Satan is the God of Death

Appendix 6: Yarchetei Tzafon & Appendix 7: Satan is the God of Death  

Gog is said to come from the “the farthest sides of the North,” a phrase used five times in Scripture. In Hebrew it is [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon]. It is used to reference to God’s abode.  

In the city of our God, In His holy mountain…Is Mount Zion on the sides of the north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], The city of the great King (Psa 48:1-2).  

That city is identified as heavenly: “Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem” (Heb 12:22). We also recall how Satan said he wanted to:  

“‘…ascend into heaven, [he said] I will exalt my throne above the stars [angels] of God; I will also sit on the mount(ain) of the congregation on the farthest sides of the north” [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon] (Isa 14:13).  

In Ezekiel 28, we are told that Satan was “on the holy mountain of God” (Ezek 28:14). These usages demonstrate how the phrase is not referring to a physical realm place but a spiritual / heavenly place. In other words, the spiritual dimension is a place. It is not just an abstraction; it is there in the geographical area compatible with God’s presence, but is in a dimensionally different space that we cannot see, walk, drive, or fly to. 

When Ezekiel used the phrase three times in Ezekiel 38-39, it was already established as a spiritual place rather than purely physical.  

  • “Gomer and all its troops; the house of Togarmah from the far north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], and all its troops–many people are with you. (Ezek 38:6)  
  • “Then you will come from your place out of the far north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great company and a mighty army. (Ezek 38:15) 
  • “and I will turn you around and lead you on, bringing you up from the far north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], and bring you against the mountains of Israel. (Ezek 39:2) 

We may conclude that the army coming from the far north may not merely be a topographical reference but likely has a dual reality: partly physical and definitely spiritual. This makes perfect sense when we see Satan and his angels, who had previously been confined only to the spiritual realm, forced into this realm: “nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer, (Rev 12:8) the great dragon was cast out…to the earth” (Rev 12:9). We also see these beings go out to gather the nations to the great battle:  

Figure 60. The approximate locations of people described in Ezekiel 38-39. 

For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. (Rev 16:14) 

So, we see the armies that will face each other: on one side Gog’s hordes comprised of humans who have become hybrids. On the other side the heavenly hosts who will now operate openly in the earthly realm. 

Appendix 7: Satan is the God of Death  

For us to make sense of some of the end times prophecies about Satan (the great dragon), we need to recall that before the cross, Satan had the “power of death” (Heb 2:14) and ruled mankind “through fear of death [who] were all their lifetime subject to bondage” (Heb 2:15). Satan is the god of death, the god of the underworld (Sheol / Hades) and known as a mountain, three points that will connect many dots.  

We recall from our studies in Corrupting the Image 2 how Satan’s secret logogram 12041 BAD death BAD, hidden in the Hermon inscription (BATios), revealed him as the god of death. 347 The plural and imperfect singular stem of uš (to die) is ug7, 348 Sumerologist John Halloran points out how one of the words for lion in Sumerian was “ug(2): n., rage, anger, fury; storm(-demon); lion; wild animal; lamentation.” He also notes it is related to “ug4,5,7,8: n., death; dead person. v., to kill; to die (singular and plural marû stem; plural ‹amu, which is sometimes reduplicated; cf., úš).” 349 

Professor Amar Annus notes that Dagan and Enlil “share the logogram BAD (=IDIM). The name of Dagan is written logographically dKUR … a shortened form of Enlil’s epithet KUR.GAL ‘great mountain.’”350 One of Enlil’s major epithets was KUR-GAL (great mountain) which was also ascribed to god the Amorites (Amurru / MARTU) demonstrating that they were “one and the same god.”351 Furthermore Frans Wiggermann notes how Nergal, god of the underworld was another syncretism of Enlil and was explicitly called the “Enlil of the mountain (kur netherworld).” 352 Additionally, Nergal / Ninurta was “the lion, whom the Great Mountain (= Enlil) engendered,”353 and also “Enlil the Great Mountain made obeisance to him.”354  

Hence Satan was the god of the dead (BAD), was god of the underworld (via Nergal) and was described as a mountain (KUR-GAL). These points are true for his aliases, the gods of death: Dagon, Molech, Addu, and Isthara.355  

We also recall that Satan was known definitively as the great dragon in the ancient world by the names Ushumgal, mušuššu and Basmu.  

 “Ušumgallu also designates a host of Mesopotamian deities, including Marduk … His exalted position over humanity is expressed in the appellation, “great dragon of the heavens and earth.” 356 The Ušumgallu was also known as the Anzu bird or ‘lion-dragon’ 357 whose foremost quality was “being a determined killer, killing probably with its venom, and frightening even the gods.”358  

Figure 61. UŠUMGAL or Anzu bird Icon By editor Austen Henry Layard, drawing by L. Gruner – Monuments of Nineveh. 

Another dragon was the Bašmu snake-dragon (Bashan in the Bible and sometimes as a catch all term for dragon). It was a determined killer, and was a suitable epithet for gods and kings! 359 Bashmu, in astronomy, was the constellation Hydra 360, the seven headed dragon361 killed “by the god Ningirsu or Ninurta.”362 “Nergal’s divine staff was as ‘awe-inspiring as a serpent’ and Ninurta’s mace consisted of seven snake-like heads.”363 Furthermore, Nergal / Ninurta / Enlil) was described as: “[ú-šum]-gal-lu ṣīru tābik imti elišunu “The majestic, great dragon who pours his venom upon them.” 364  

Figure 62. Ninurta killing one of the heads of the seven-headed serpent. Bible Review, Oct. 1992, 28 (=ANEP #671) (Early Dynastic). Courtesy of the Bible Lands Museum, Jerusalem. 

Nergal god of the underworld and syncretism of Ninurta, Melqart, Marduk and Enlil, was called a seven-headed snake. The great dragon of Revelation has “seven heads and ten horns,” (Rev 12:3) as does the Beast, who has “seven heads and ten horns” (Rev 13:1). Not only does the iconography reveal a great dragon,365 but John saw “one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the Beast (Rev 13:3). Looking at Figure 62 above, we see that one of the heads is mortally wounded. God is revealing that the symbols in Revelation relate directly back to the false gods of Babylon.   

Figure 63. Ninurta with wings. 

There were many variations of the dragon, but they all lead back to a merging of Enlil and Ninurta (Satan and Nimrod). Jacobsen notes that with Ninurta “in time the animal forms were rejected in favor of imagining the god in human form only.”366 The lion with wings found in Old Babylonian, Akkadian (Assyrian), and Neo-Babylonian iconography is the same description we find in the Book of Daniel:  

“The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings. I watched till its wings were plucked off; and it was lifted up from the earth and made to stand on two feet like a man, and a man’s heart was given to it” (Dan 7:4).  

The next two creatures, the bear and leopard, are also predators like the lion.  

“And suddenly another beast, a second, like a bear. It was raised up on one side, and had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth. And they said thus to it: ‘Arise, devour much flesh!’ (Dan 7:5) “After this I looked, and there was another, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird. The beast also had four heads, and dominion was given to it. (Dan 7:6)  

The bear, “raised up on one side” appears unbalanced, a likely reference to the supremacy of the Persians in the Medo-Persian empire who came after the Neo-Babylonian empire. This same imbalance is present in the vision Daniel has in chapter eight: “was a ram which had two horns, and the Two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up last” (Dan 8:3). The angel gives a plain interpretation about the ram with “two horns–they are the kings of Media and Persia” (Dan 8:20). The imbalanced bear in chapter seven is also Medo-Persia. The meaning of the three ribs is not clear but Persia did indeed devour much flesh in the amount of territory they conquered, which included Babylon.  

In 331 BC, Darius III, the last Persian king, was defeated by Alexander the Great at the Battle of Gaugamela. The angel told Daniel “the male goat is the kingdom of Greece” (Dan 8:21). The leopard is known for its great speed and Alexander the great conquered Babylon and the entire Persian empire with incredible speed. The four wings and four heads are almost certainly referring to the four generals who succeeded Alexander the great. In chapter eight, the angel says plainly: “the male goat is the kingdom of Greece” (Dan 8:21a). He then follows up “The large horn that is between its eyes is the first king” (Dan 8:21b); the first king is Alexander the Great.  

Lastly, he interprets: “As for the broken horn and the four that stood up in its place, four kingdoms shall arise out of that nation, but not with its power” (Dan 8:22). The vision of chapters seven and eight are one and the same though chapter eight focuses only on Medo-Persia and Greece (and its subsequent kingdoms). John also notes characteristics of “the beast… like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion” (Rev 13:2). In each succeeding kingdom, the management changed but Satan’s (detestable) worship system remained in effect. 

The Beast that will ascend out of the abyss, therefore, is the culmination and composite of the three kingdoms which ruled Babylon and supported the woman. The Beast will possess all their power, strength, speed, influence, authority, glory, and pride. The Beast will have a fierce countenance (Dan 8:23) and his power will not be his own (Dan 8:24). The source of the beast’s power will come from Satan himself. “The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. (Rev 13:2) It will be a repeat of what he previously did with Nimrod (Ninurta), “whom Enlil has exalted above himself” 367  

These dragons and amalgamated creatures represent Enlil and his various syncretisms such as Nergal, Ninurta, Marduk, etc. Their common identifier is that they are fierce killers which is why their impersonator himself is called “death” and are often known as the god of the underworld. Hence Satan is the king (god) of death, the god of the underworld (Sheol / Hades). Put another way, Death (מָ֔וֶת Mavet) and Sheol or Death and Hades are epithets of Satan. It is important for us to have the right understanding of what comes next: the covenant with death and Sheol / Hades grants Satan authority over mankind.  

Linguistic Study GAG 

Appendix 5: Linguistic Study GAG 

The Akkadian words Šukudu, šiltāhu, and sikkatu, listed by Amar Annus (epithets of Ninurta and when seen in Sumerian) reveal a mystery and are certainly part of the cipher of Gog’s name. The first word for arrow is Šukudu meaning “Sirius,” in Sumerian is GAG.SI.SÁ. The suffix SI.SA means “righteous, straight, proper, make vertical,”340 which is fitting since arrows are to go “straight” and “vertical.”  

The next Akkadian epithet is šiltāhu [GIŠ.GAG.U4.TAG.GA] means “an arrow; qaqqad šiltāḫu: an arrowhead; 2) (epithet for divine name); 3) astronomy: [MUL.GAG.SI.SÁ]: Sirius.”341 GIŠ (wood) and MUL (star) are both determinatives, which was a device in Sumerian to let the reader know what kind of word they are looking at,342 but not pronounced. Hence, the reader knew GIŠ had something to do with wood and MUL with stars. In MUL.GAG.SI.SÁ, MUL=star, GAG=arrow, SI.SÁ=straight / vertical; hence the literal meaning is “straight-vertical arrow star” or “Sirius” with “GAG,” being the key word. Sikkatu. wooden peg or a copper nail,343 is GIŠ.GAG, in Sumerian.344 GIŠ is a determinative for wood, which leaves just the word GAG.  

Akkadian Epithet of Ninurta Sumerian meaning 
ūṣu  GIŠ.GAG.(TI) ti [ARROW] wr. ti “arrow” arrow, arrowhead 
sikkatu; ūşu ĝešgag; gag; urudgag  “arrowhead; peg, nail” 
šiltāḫu qaqqad šiltāi  GIŠ.GAG.U4.TAG.GA MUL.GAG.SI.SÁ  Arrow, arrowhead / Sirius 
šukudu GAG.SI.SÁ / astr. MUL.GAG.SI.SÁ  an arrow /Sirius 
Mulmullu (Zappu) mul.mul arrow 

Table 15. Epithets of Ninurta. 

Thus, “GAG” is present in three of Ninurta’s arrow-epithets. When we consider the Sumerian word “GAG,” irrespective of the determinatives and suffixes, we find the primary meaning is “arrowhead.”345  

In other words, Ninurta’s epithet “arrow” (Akkadian šukudu, etc.) is GAG in Sumerian. Arrow in Akkadian and Sumerian was also a circumlocution for the star Sirius. Šukudu appears in Amos 5:26 as the “star of your gods” specifically speaking of Nimrod / Ninurta and the hidden Sumerian name is GAG.  

We therefore conclude that Ninurta is Gag. GAG is to be pronounced like the “a” as in father.346 Hence, The Sumerian word representing all those ideas is GAG which we discovered is also related to GUG enmity. Our discovery helps us understand why the LXX called Gog the king of a swarm of locusts: “a swarm of locusts coming from the east; and behold, one caterpillar, king Gog (γωγ ο βασιλευς).” (Amos 7:1 LXX Brenton) The correlations are astounding and are hard to take them all in.  

Sumerian Loan Words in Hebrew  

Appendix 4: Sumerian Loan Words in Hebrew  

Many Sumerian loan words made their way into Hebrew. What is a loan word? It is a word borrowed from one language & used in another: For example, “picnic,” “coup d’état,” and “jogging” are French loan words that English speakers liked and borrowed them.  

An example is the word Palace. We see it borrowed from the “Akkadian ekallu” which means palace; we have Phoenicianהיכל, the Biblical Aramaic. We have היכלא Syriac, היכלא Mandaic היכלא Ugaritic hkl (palace or temple); from Arabic haykal which means a church and it’s probably an Aramaic loan word; the Akkadian ekallu is probably a loan word from Sumerian e-gal which means great house.337  

The words: heichal (היכל), Adrichal (אדריכל), and tarnegol (תרנגול) are loan words. “Adrichal” in Modern Hebrew means “architect,” and first appears in the Talmudic literature. The etymology of this form, according to Even-Shoshan, is from the Akkadian erad-ekaly. This means “worker of the heichal” [which is the big house] – which we noted is originally Sumerian. Ilan points out that originally the adrichal was the builder, not the architect. Erad here is related to the Akkadian word aradu – “to serve” and ardu – “slave.” This appears to be cognate with the Hebrew root ירד ” to descend,” and relates to the lower, subjugated status of the slave. 

“Tarnegol” or “rooster” is also borrowed from Akkadian “tar lugallu,” which is Sumerian “tar lugal” or “bird of the king,” “Lugal” meant king in Sumerian, and it was made up of two parts – lu (man) and gal (great), like we had e-gal which was the big house.338 

These are quick snapshots demonstrating how Sumerian loan words made their way into Hebrew and how “Gog” could come from Sumerian. 

Despite the incredible number of parallels of GUG/UG, and the evidence of Sumerian loan words, Ezekiel wrote Gog not GUG. Do we have any linguistic attestation of Sumerian “u” becoming “o” in Hebrew, which is to ask can the Sumerian “Gug” turn into the Hebrew “Gog”? The answer is yes. An example, according to the lexicon Abraham Even-Shoshan, is that “the Hebrew word “Kor” comes from Sumerian “GUR, “a bundle of barley; standard unit of capacity.”339 The word was borrowed in Akkadian as “kurru,” and then in Hebrew as kor [כֹּר֙] “Solomon’s provision for one day was thirty kors [כֹּר֙] of fine flour…” (1Kgs 4:22) 

What is surprising is that the Gog (hostility, death) was worshipped in Israel as a star. We have already examined variations of the name Gog, including UŠ

Gog and Magog in the Millennium?

Appendix 3: Gog and Magog in the Millennium?

Some have suggested Gog and Magog must be a reference to what is going to happen after the millennium since in Revelation 20:8 we read:  

“Now when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison Rev 20:7 and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. Rev 20:8” 

After the thousand years have expired, when Satan has been put into the abyss, he is put into the bôr sometimes known as the bottomless pit, he will be there a thousand years and there will be this wonderful time on planet Earth. Satan will not be there, but then he will be released.  

However, since we know the meaning of Gog as enmity / death the mention of Gog after the thousand years of bliss is readily understandable: the enemy or that which has enmity and is hostile toward God’s kingdom, will reappear on earth after Satan’s release will allow him again to regain his quality of opposer, enemy warrior like first time and challenge God one final time. Now it makes so much more sense. Now Rev 20 doesn’t have to be placed before the tribulation. No, this can still happen after the thousand years reign of Christ. We are also told that there will be no more warfare in the age to come.  

“He shall judge between the nations, and rebuke many people; they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore.” Isa 2:4  

The reference to bucklers and shields in Ezekiel 38 describes God’s strategy of driving Gog’s armies using the “hook” towards the great valley of Judgement. This event definitely happens before the great Armagedon battle. Hence we can exclude it from the Millennium time frame. After the thousand years, Satan the enemy will gather those with enmity against God after his release in Revelation 20. The only aggressive act that they perform is surrounding the beloved city. There is no mention of weapons; it does not say that they have any type of warfare other than that they surround the city and then fire comes down from God and destroys them. There is no reason that the Gog and Magog of Revelation 20 pose a conflict to what we see in Ezekiel 38-39; and that Ezekiel 38-39 is in fact the time of the tribulation. 

Comparison of Gog and Beast / Antichrist

Appendix 2: Comparison of Gog and Beast / Antichrist

In addition to the linguistic evidence, we also have a lot of Scriptural evidence that shows that Gog is the same person as the Beast. There are two different titles for the same individual. Gog in Ezekiel 38 and 39 is the same person that we read about as the little horn in the Book of Daniel and the beast in Revelation. He has a lot of different titles just as we discovered Satan had many titles in the ancient world such as Enlil, Marduk, Baal, etc.  

To properly demonstrate they are the same, we also have to consider the Two passages that speak of the battle they fight. The timing of the battle of Gog and Magog is sometimes considered to be years before the battle of Armageddon and questioning that timing is difficult to entertain because it means radical changes in one’s already crystalized beliefs eschatological systems which are built one on another. I am sympathetic if you consider them to be separate events; I once did as well. There have been many theologies I abandoned because I could not reconcile them with all of Scripture. If you are like me, however, knowing what really is going to happen is more exciting than holding on to a theology. Thus, I respectfully and sympathetically request you to consider the evidence with me to see if Gog’s war in Ezekiel 38 and 39 is the same as Armageddon. 

There are powerful reasons that Gog and Antichrist are the same person and Gog’s war, and Armageddon are one and the same event. God established the principle of two or three witnesses (Deut 19:15). That means, for an event as epic and literally earth shaking as the Gog-war it must have another witness, it cannot be an outlier. Indeed, God gave multiple witnesses about the Gog war when he spoke “in former days by My servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied for years” (Ezek 38:17). 

The outline below presents a heading with the feature common to both Gog and his war and the Beast and Armageddon. The Ezekiel passage is first followed by other passages that speak of the Beast (Antichrist, man of sin, son of Perdition, little horn, etc.). We will see that many prophets before Ezekiel did indeed speak about Gog and his war. In another chapter we will consider the name Gog and how it is an excellent title of Israel’s coming enemy. 

  1. Gog and the Beast at the end of days / end of years 
  1. “After many days you will be visited. In the latter years you will come …mountains of Israel… (Ezek 38:8) It will be in the latter days that I will bring you against My land…(Ezek 38:16) 
  1.  “what shall happen in the latter time of the indignation; for at the appointed time the end shall be. (Dan 8:19) “And in the latter time of their kingdom, When the transgressors have reached their fullness, A king shall arise, (Dan 8:23) “…it refers to many days in the future.” (Dan 8:26)  
  1. sealed till the time of the end. (Dan 12:9) 
  1. God will bring Gog / Beast to Israel  
  1. “and I will turn you around and lead you on, bringing you up from the far north, and bring you against the mountains of Israel. (Ezek 39:2) 
  1. “But news from the east and the north shall trouble him; therefore he shall go out with great fury to destroy and annihilate many. (Dan 11:44) “And he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and no one will help him. (Dan 11:45) 
  1. they gathered them together to the place… called in Hebrew, Armageddon. (Rev 16:16) 
  1. Gog and the world nations (featured in Gen 10 table nations) attack Israel  
  1. “Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief [rosh] prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him Persia, Cush, and Put333 are with them… Gomer and all his hordes; Beth-Togarmah…many peoples are with you. (Ezek 38:2, 5-6, ESV) 
  1. “I will make Jerusalem a very heavy stone for all peoples; all who would heave it away will surely be cut in pieces, though all nations of the earth are gathered against it. (Zech 12:3) “It shall be in that day that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem. (Zech 12:9) 
  1. I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem. (Zech 14:2) 
  1. Evil plans (thoughts) and boastful 
  1. thoughts will arise in your mind, and you will make an evil plan: (Ezek 38:10) “You will say, ‘I will go up against a land of unwalled villages; I will go to a peaceful people, who dwell safely….(Ezek 38:11)  
  1. “And in the latter time …A king shall arise, Having fierce features, Who understands sinister schemes. (Dan 8:23) His power shall be mighty, but not by his own power; He shall destroy fearfully, and shall prosper and thrive; He shall destroy the mighty, and also the holy people. (Dan 8:24)  
  1. Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God…(Rev 13:6) 
  1. “Through his cunning He shall cause deceit to prosper under his rule; And he shall exalt himself in his heart. He shall destroy many in their prosperity. He shall even rise against the Prince of princes; (Dan 8:25)  
  1. Global shaking because of God’s presence, walls fall  
  1. “For in My jealousy and in the fire of My wrath I have spoken: ‘Surely in that day there shall be a great earthquake in the land of Israel, (Ezek 38:19) ‘so that the fish of the sea, the birds of the heavens, the beasts of the field, all creeping things that creep on the earth, and all men who are on the face of the earth shall shake at My presence. The mountains shall be thrown down, the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.’ (Ezek 38:20) 
  1. Upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up; (Isa 2:14) Upon every high tower, and upon every fortified wall; (Isa 2:15)  
  1. every mountain and island was moved out of its place. (Rev 6:14) 
  1. there were noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake. (Rev 8:5) 
  1. the temple of God was opened in heaven…there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake. (Rev 11:19) 
  1. there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. (Rev 16:18) (so they are not found Rev 16:20) 
  1. Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth will move out of her place, In the wrath of the LORD of hosts And in the day of His fierce anger. (Isa 13:13)  
  1. The earth is violently broken, The earth is split open, The earth is shaken exceedingly. (Isa 24:19) The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall totter like a hut; Its transgression shall be heavy upon it, and it will fall, and not rise again. (Isa 24:20)  
  1. Every valley shall be exalted And every mountain and hill brought low; The crooked places shall be made straight And the rough places smooth; (Isa 40:4) 
  1. He stood and measured the earth; He looked and startled the nations. And the everlasting mountains were scattered, The perpetual hills bowed. His ways are everlasting. (Hab 3:6) 
  1. God’s Face is Seen, Fire and brimstone rain on Gog 
  1. “when Gog comes against the land of Israel,” says the Lord GOD, “that My fury will show in My face. (Ezek 38:18) “For in My jealousy and in the fire of My wrath (Ezek 38:19) 
  1. the LORD will come with fire And with His chariots, like a whirlwind, To render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire. (Isa 66:15) For by fire and by His sword The LORD will judge all flesh; And the slain of the LORD shall be many. (Isa 66:16) 
  1. when the Lord Jesus is revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, (2Thess 1:7) in flaming fire taking vengeance on those who do not know God (2Thess 1:8) 
  1. and said to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! (Rev 6:16)  
  1. They shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, From the terror of the LORD And the glory of His majesty, When He arises to shake the earth mightily. (Isa 2:19) 
  1. He stood and measured the earth; He looked and startled the nations. And the everlasting mountains were scattered, The perpetual hills bowed. His ways are everlasting. (Hab 3:6) 
  1. “Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. (Matt 24:30) 
  1. The day of the LORD comes, Cruel, with both wrath and fierce anger, To lay the land desolate; And He will destroy its sinners from it. (Isa 13:9) 
  1. Their armies are confused and attack one another 
  1. “I will call for a sword against Gog throughout all My mountains,” says the Lord GOD. “Every man’s sword will be against his brother. (Ezek 38:21)  
  1. It shall come to pass in that day That a great panic from the LORD will be among them. Everyone will seize the hand of his neighbor, and raise his hand against his neighbor’s hand; (Zech 14:13) 
  1. Great hailstones  
  1. great hailstones, fire, and brimstone. (Ezek 38:22) 
  1. the temple of God was opened in heaven…there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail. (Rev 11:19) 
  1. And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent. (Rev 16:21) 
  1. Pestilence, bloodshed, fire brimstone 
  1. “And I will bring him to judgment with pestilence and bloodshed; I will rain down on him, on his troops, and on the many peoples who are with him, flooding rain, great hailstones, fire, and brimstone. (Ezek 38:22) 
  1. Rev 19:11-21 Jesus treads winepress, Battle / Day of the Lord 
  1. Rev 14:16-20 winepress, earth reaped, blood to horses’ bridles  
  1. “I have trodden the winepress alone…And trampled them in My fury; Their blood is sprinkled upon My garments… (Isa 63:3) 
  1. there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became like blood. (Rev 6:12) 
  1. “I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: Blood and fire and pillars of smoke. (Joel 2:30) The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, Before the coming of the great and awesome day of the LORD. (Joel 2:31) 
  1. Gog and the Beast are Destroyed at the end of the battle  
  1. “I will give Gog a burial place there in Israel…Therefore they will call it the Valley of Hamon Gog. (Ezek 39:11) 
  1. “the beast was slain, and its body destroyed and given to the burning flame. (Dan 7:11) 
  1. Then the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet …These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. (Rev 19:20) 
  1. “And they shall go forth and look Upon the corpses of the men Who have transgressed against Me. For their worm does not die, and their fire is not quenched. They shall be an abhorrence to all flesh.” (Isa 66:24) 
  1.  Birds Feast on Kings and horses (Nergal) at God’s supper 
  1. ‘Speak to every sort of bird and to every beast of the field: “Assemble yourselves and come; Gather together from all sides to My sacrificial meal Which I am sacrificing for you, A great sacrificial meal on the mountains of Israel, That you may eat flesh and drink blood. (Ezek 39:17) You shall eat the flesh of the mighty, Drink the blood of the princes of the earth… (Ezek 39:18) You shall be filled at My table With horses and riders, With mighty men And with all the men of war,” says the Lord GOD. (Ezek 39:20) 
  1. Then I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven, “Come and gather together for the supper of the great God, (Rev 19:17) “that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great.” (Rev 19:18) 
  1. After both battles weapons of war are destroyed  
  1. “Israel will go out and set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields and bucklers, the bows and arrows, the javelins and spears… (Ezek 39:9) 
  1. They shall beat their swords into plowshares… (Isa 2:4) 
  1. God’s name no longer be profaned…  
  1. “Thus I will magnify Myself and sanctify Myself, and I will be known in the eyes of many nations. Then they shall know that I am the LORD.” ’ (Ezek 38:23) 
  1. “So I will make My holy name known in the midst of My people Israel, and I will not let them profane My holy name anymore. Then the nations shall know that I am the LORD, the Holy One in Israel. (Ezek 39:7)  
  1. And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. (Rev 19:21) 
  1. God pours out His Spirit and not hide face 
  1. ‘And I will not hide My face from them anymore; for I shall have poured out My Spirit on the house of Israel,’ says the Lord GOD.” (Ezek 39:29) 
  1. With a little wrath I hid My face from you for a moment; But with everlasting kindness I will have mercy on you,” Says the LORD, your Redeemer. (Isa 54:8) 
  1. “I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look to Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn. (Zech 12:10) 
  1. After both battles “It is done”  
  1. “Surely it is coming, and it shall be done,” says the Lord GOD. “This is the day of which I have spoken. (Ezek 39:8) 
  1. in the days of the sounding of the seventh angel…the mystery of God would be finished. (Rev 10:7) 
  1. 7th trumpet: “The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!” (Rev 11:15) The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that You should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints…And should destroy those who destroy the earth.” (Rev 11:18)  
  1. 7th Bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” (Rev 16:17)  
  1. After Battle – God shows his glory among the nations 
  1. “I will send fire on Magog and on those who live in security in the coastlands. Then they shall know that I am the LORD. (Ezek 39:6) 
  1. “I will set My glory among the nations; all the nations shall see My judgment (Ezek 39:21) 
  1. the great city was divided…the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered…(Rev 16:19) 

Table of Nations 

All nations will come against Jerusalem. All the nations in Ezekiel 38 and 39 represent all the sons of Noah, which are the stock that all people came from. Not every nation is mentioned as that would take a while and they change their names over time. Nevertheless, by comparing the nations of Ezekiel 38-39, we can see how they represent the people from the Genesis 10 Table of Nations. 

In Midrash Wayosha’ (Jellinek, “B. H.” i. 56) Gog is the leader of the seventy-two nations of the world, minus one (Israel), and makes war against the Most High; he is smitten down by God.334 

The names in Genesis 10 were the descendants of Japhet, Ham, and Shem, the three sons of Noah. They all went to their respective places, and they had children, and they became people groups. Over time, continued to spread out all over the world. Rather than trying to pin a biblical place to a specific geographical location (e.g., Cush = Ethiopia), we get a much broader view if we realize that the text is talking about the nations of the world. The peoples in Ezekiel 38 are the same as those of the table of nations. 

Ezekiel 38 Reflecting the Table of Nations Gen 10 Table of Nations Common References in both & Modern equivalent335 
“Son of man, set your face toward Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief [rosh] prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him Persia, Cush, and Put336 are with them… Gomer and all his hordes; Beth-Togarmah…many peoples are with you. (Ezek 38:2, 5-6, ESV) The sons of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. (Gen 10:2) The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. (Gen 10:3) The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. (Gen 10:4)The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan. (Gen 10:6) The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan. (Gen 10:7) The sons of Shem were Elam (Persia/Iran cf AmTrac Dic), Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. (Gen 10:22) Sons of Japheth  Gomer = Turkey (Cimmerians)  Magog = Turkey Tubal = Near Black Sea / Georgia  Meshech =Turkey Beth-togarmah – Asia Minor Countries including the “istan” countries and Georgia, Armenia Sons of Ham Cush = Ethiopia Put = Somalia Son of Shem Elam = Iran 

Table 14. Genesis 10 Table of Nations. 

Figure 59. Division of peoples throughout the world based on Genesis 10. 

Looking at the map, green are the sons of Ham, yellow are the sons of Shem, and pink are the sons of Japheth. These areas where the various people groups settled; and then they spread out from there. They went east to Asia, west to Europe, and eventually to America, and they went north and south. All these different groups have gone out from there. We do not have to look only exclusively around the nation of Israel. We do not have to only look in the Middle East even though it has a big part to play. The bottom line is we are looking at the entire world.  

The Thematic Approach to Interpreting Revelation

Appendix 1: The Thematic Approach to Interpreting Revelation 

The book of Revelation is a very exciting book and comes with a blessing to those who read it. Nevertheless, it is far from being an easy book to understand. Part of the challenge is due to a tendency to interpret the book of Revelation chronologically rather than thematically. Though there is some chronology in the book, it is primarily laid out thematically.  

If we read the judgments of the seals, trumpets, and bowls with a chronological-sequential method then those would represent nineteen completely separate judgments occurring at different times during the tribulation. That is, the seal judgments would all play out, then the trumpets would begin and then the bowls would follow after the last trumpet judgment (many scholars follow this scheme). It would look like this:  

Table 12. Chronological view of Revelation. 

Nevertheless, within the seals, trumpets, and bowls, there are recurring, interrelated themes with various levels of detail, perspective, and intensity. This means John laid out the series of visions in the order that they were communicated to him and not as nineteen different and sequential judgments. It is like looking at a diamond with many facets and seeing inside the same thing.  

Figure 55. Facets of a diamond. 

Or it is like if John were given a tour of a television control room where before him were dozens of screens. All the scenes of a particular show are being shot at the same time. For the sake of illustration, let us imagine that the show has five distinct scenes. Each scene has separate cameras and cameraman to capture it. John merely sees the video feed. Each scene is complex and requires varying camera angles to appreciate the complexity.  

Some cameras are placed above the set to get a wide angel – top-down approach. Other cameras zoom in on the face of the main characters. Finally other cameras pan to give the greater perspective. The seals, trumpets, and bowls are related events different vantage points (camera angles) so the readers get a more detailed understanding.  

Figure 56. TV control room. 

We could imagine this like a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. In the chronological approach, we first eat a piece of bread, then eat the peanut butter, then the jelly, and finally we eat the other slice of bread. In the thematic approach, however, we simply stack them on top of the other and eat them at the same time. In other words, the seals in Revelation 6 relate to the bowls in chapter 16. Just like a piece of layered cake, we slice through the cake and eat a cross-section all at once.  

Recapitulation 

Understanding the seals, trumpets, and bowls as a series of recapitulations or reiterations (stacked layers) means that John was initially given a grand, bird’s eye view and then subsequent chapters go into supporting details of what has already been revealed. Using the stacking of layers idea like in an animated movie helps us picture how Revelation is organized. 

Figure 57. Example of layering from the movie “Monsters.” 

Layering is illustrated nicely in modern animation techniques (like Monsters Inc.) which start with a basic story reel sketch that tells the story. Why don’t they just stop there? Because it does not convey the entirety of the message. The subsequent layers add depth, color, detail, lighting, and animation to create a composite image. By the time we get to the final product right down here, it really feels like it is a feature film. 

The seals are like the story reel giving us the basic story overview. While lacking depth, color, and detail, they take us from the beginning of the story to its finish. The trumpets and bowls add the texturing, color, and fine details to the same events so we have a rich composite image.  

We see repeating themes (recapitulations) in many books of the Bible. For example, Genesis chapters one and two are often accused of being different accounts. Yet we see in chapter one an overview of the entire creation week, whereas chapter two focuses only on day six and the creation of man. Hence, we can conclude that chapter two is thematically related to chapter one. Sure, chapter one comes first in the book but the content of both chapters is thematically related and are the same story. Chapter two fits within the framework of chapter one. We see the same issue with Exodus 14 and 15 where the events happen in 14 and then Moses and Miriam recount the events in 15. They are the same events (themes) but told in different ways.  

Hence, the seals, trumpets, bowls, and in fact all of Revelation chapters 6-19 are a series of visions of many layers to form a composite image. This means that there are repeating themes in the seals, trumpets, and bowls. Seals 1-7 are the overall plan of the great tribulation. The subsequent trumpets and bowls are looking at those events in either greater detail or from a different angle and with a progressive intensification of events (from 1/3 to everything). The seventh seal, trumpet and bowl all end at the same event: the return of Jesus. They are stacked one upon another or stair steps, if you will, where they keep getting more intense, and the timeframe keeps getting squished down, until finally they all culminate at the same moment with the return of Yeshua. We see the thematic arrangement throughout Revelation. 

Figure 58. The seventh seal, trumpet, and bowl end with the return of Jesus. 

Earthquakes in Revelation Six and Sixteen are the Same 

Let’s consider how the earthquakes from chapters six and sixteen are one and the same event. There is an earthquake in the seventh and last bowl, which is described as:  

“a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth” (Rev 16:18).  

The language is very significant because it tells us that this would be the greatest of all time. John follows up with us by saying “every island fled away, and the mountains were not found” (Rev 16:20). This language is identical to the many descriptions of ultimate shaking that will take place on planet earth. 

The mini apocalypse in Isaiah 24 describes how “the earth is violently broken, The earth is split open, The earth is shaken exceedingly” (Isa 24:19). This earth will be so utterly moved that it “shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall totter like a hut; Its transgression shall be heavy upon it, and it will fall, and not rise again. (Isa 24:20). To fall and not rise again is parallel language to Revelation 16 – this is the worst ever earthquake never to be duplicated. We find many other passages of this as well:  

  • He stood and measured the earth; He looked and startled the nations. And the everlasting mountains were scattered, The perpetual hills bowed. His ways are everlasting. (Hab 3:6) 
  • The mountains melt like wax at the presence of the LORD, At the presence of the Lord of the whole earth. (Ps 97:5) 

Isaiah 2 explains how:  

the day of the LORD of hosts Shall come upon everything proud and lofty, Upon everything lifted up– And it shall be brought low– Upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up; (Isa 2:12, 14) 

That passage goes on to say in the Day of the Lord, when the mountains fall: 

They shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, From the terror of the LORD And the glory of His majesty, When He arises to shake the earth mightily. (Isa 2:19) 

In chapter thirteen, Isaiah says:  

Therefore I will shake the heavens, and the earth will move out of her place, In the wrath of the LORD of hosts And in the day of His fierce anger. (Isa 13:13) 

The description is identical to what we find in Revelation six in the sixth seal: “every mountain and island was moved out of its place” (Rev 6:14). Isaiah 2 merely says “they” whereas Revelation says: 

“the kings of the earth, the great men, the rich men, the commanders, the mighty men, every slave and every free man, hid themselves in the caves and in the rocks of the mountains,” (Rev 6:15).  

Thus, we have an unprecedented earthquake in which earth’s topography and geography change at a cataclysmic extent, so much so that mountains and islands move causing people to flee and hide in caves. Just like in Isaiah 2, they hide because it is the Day of the Lord.  

and said to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! (Rev 6:16) “For the great day of His wrath has come, and who is able to stand?” (Rev 6:17) 

Are we to believe that the mighty men of the earth are throwing in the towel in Revelation 6 and fully admit that the day of Jesus’ wrath has come? Yet in chapter 16 “the kings of the earth” and “the whole world” assemble for “the battle of that great day of God Almighty” (Rev 16:14)?  

The thematic method sees parallel language and themes as being witnesses of the same event merely from different perspectives and with varying details. Revelation 6 and 16, Isaiah 2 and 24, Habakkuk 3, and others all speak of the kings of the earth gathered to the battle of the great Day of the Lord, the day of God and the mother of all earthquakes that will utterly shake the entire earth so that it will fall and not rise again and every mountain and island were moved out of their places. The day is so scary the kings, commanders, and all involved in the battle run into the caves for protection from the Day of the Lord.  

Consider how the 2011 Fukushima 9.1 earthquake caused phenomenal damage to buildings and great loss of life. Now imagine the kind of destruction planet earth will experience when every island falling into the sea and every mountain crumbling! The word “every” precludes the event from happening twice; that means it happens once and there will be no repeat. Therefore, Revelation 6 is the same event as Revelation 16 and Isaiah 24, (etc.). Such an event will happen only once never to be repeated. The earth will fall and not rise again. The language in all the passages speaks of the Day of the Lord when this will happen.  

Heavens open 

Another prevalent theme in Revelation (and other scriptures) is the opening of the heavens. We discussed the veil between heaven and earth in Corrupting the Image 2 in great detail and we will not restate it here. Suffice it to say that the opening of the heavens is an end-of-the-world event that will only happen once when heaven itself and earth will pass. We should be aware that the opening of heavens is in direct connection with other phenomena: 

  • The Day of the Lord, since the Lord Jesus at this point is already engaged in the second coming 
  • the dramatic (structural) changes of heavens itself 
  • the elements of cataclysmic proportions accompanying these changes in heaven 
  • the oncoming great battle that Jesus is about to fight 

By way of the heavens opened John directs our eyes to the temple of God in Rev 11 where the dramatic noises are accompanied by hail as well: 

Then the sky receded as a scroll when it is rolled up, and every mountain and island was moved out of its place. (Rev 6:14)  

This event is spoken of in Revelation 19 as well when Jesus is said to make war against the Beast and the world’s armies.  

Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True… And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army. (Rev 19:11, 19) 

This same battle (Armageddon) is described in Revelation 16 as well where the Beast, kings of the earth, and their armies are ready to fight against Jesus: 

the beast…the kings of the earth and of the whole world…to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. (Rev 16:13, 14).  

In the seventh and final bowl where the greatest earthquake also happens, we are told:  

And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. (Rev 16:18) And great hail from heaven fell upon men… (Rev 16:21) 

This is not the first time that we have encountered “noises and thunderings and lightnings” in Revelation. Those same noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake happen in the seventh seal. In that period, there is silence in heaven “for about half an hour and “the seven angels” are “given seven trumpets” (Rev 8:2). Next John saw  

another angel, having a golden censer, came and stood at the altar. He was given much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of all the saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. (Rev 8:3) And the smoke of the incense, with the prayers of the saints, ascended before God from the angel’s hand. (Rev 8:4) Then the angel took the censer, filled it with fire from the altar, and threw it to the earth. And there were noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake. (Rev 8:5) 

We see this theme repeated in Revelation 11 which also includes hail falling: 

Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple. And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail. (Rev 11:19) 

The opening of the heavenly temple happens in chapter fifteen as well: “the temple of the tabernacle of the testimony in heaven was opened” (Rev 15:5). After the opening of temple of God in heaven, the final judgments commence on the earth because, as we saw in chapter nineteen, that is when Jesus comes back to engage in the great battle of the Day of the Lord.  

The opening of the heavens is found in many other places in Scripture as well. Peter describes the Day of the Lord and the opening of the heavens:  

But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up. (2 Peter 3:10) 

Isaiah 34:4 is identical to Revelation 6:13-14 where stars fall like figs and the sky recedes like a scroll: 

the heavens shall be rolled up like a scroll; All their host shall fall down As the leaf falls from the vine, and as [fruit] falling from a fig tree. (Isaiah 34:4) 

Isaiah speaks of this moment repeatedly again “the heavens will vanish away like smoke… (Isa 51:6) and then “Oh, that You would rend the heavens! That You would come down!” We have been granted a peek full of awe and drama from our earth into the events of heavens passing, as if we were looking up from earth and witnessing how the open heaven that had been hidden to us before by the veil, is passing away.  

But we are also shown the frightening events happening at our level, our sky and earth level. 

 He gives the important detail “That the mountains might shake at Your presence” (Isa 64:1) which helps us provides us with the same details as we have seen in the other passages. Jesus then reiterates this moment concerning his return. 

“Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. (Matt 24:29) “Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. (Matt 24:30) 

Jesus simply summarizes Joel about the sun, moon, and stars, and then Isaiah regarding the falling of the stars and then tells us how people will mourn (be distressed) when they see him, just like Isaiah said in chapter two.  

Paul also spoke of this same event by mentioning the uncovering / unveiling / revealing of Jesus where apokalupsi, apo = “away from,” kalupsis = veil to the Thessalonians: “when the Lord Jesus is revealed (apokalupsi) from heaven with His mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance…” (2Thess 1:7-8). Paul’s language of “revealing” is parallel to Isaiah: “the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together..” (Isa 40:5). Paul then combines that with the retributive nature of his coming, associated with fire and vengeance, just like Isaiah: 

  • For behold, the LORD comes out of His place To punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity (Isa 26:21)  
  • “I have trodden the winepress alone…And trampled them in My fury; Their blood is sprinkled upon My garments… (Isa 63:3)  
  • For behold, the LORD will come with fire And with His chariots, like a whirlwind, To render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire. (Isa 66:15)  

Hence the opening of the heavens is an event that only happens once in the Day of the Lord which will cause the elements to melt, mountains to shake and the greatest of all earthquakes the world has ever known. The multitude of passages referring to the openings of heavens shows us that the thematic approach resolves the burden of trying to explain the different aspects of the judgments. Rather, the thematic interpretation says if one verse quacks and walks like a duck and another passage quacks and walks the same, then they are the same passage.

Table 13. Thematic Revelation passages related to the 6th Seal. 

The Seven Seals as a Template of the Tribulation 

We have considered the earthquakes and opening of the heavens in detail to demonstrate that they are in synchrony with each other. The thematic approach inherently searches for multiple witnesses to establish sound doctrine. In Scripture matters are established by two or three witnesses. In other words, other passages support the contextual meaning of an event as the Holy Spirit revealed it in the text of the Scripture. Interpreting Revelation thematically reveals multiple witnesses which with varying and progressive perspectives. Using the seven seals as a template for the entire 

1st Seal: rider on white horse with bow, crown, goes out conquering 

  • Rev 13:1-4: Beast w/ characteristics of former empires & 7 heads & 10 horns, receives dragon’s power, throne, authority 
  • Rev 17:3 Beast with 7 heads & 10 horns carries the woman 
  • Other Scriptures of the Beast: Dan 7:7-8; 8:10-13, 23-25, Ezek 38:17; 39:8. 

2nd Seal: rider on red horse takes away peace, men kill each other 

  • Rev 11:5-6: 2 witnesses strike earth w/ plagues 
  • Other Scriptures about no peace: Deut 17:6; Zech 4:14; Mal 4:4-6 (Moses & Elijah) 

3rd Seal: scarcity of food (increasing intensity until Jesus’ return) 

  • Rev 11:5-6: 2 witnesses strike earth w/ plagues 
  • Rev 8:7: 1st trump: 1/3 trees and grass burned up >> 4th bowl: sun scorches with heat 
  • Rev 8:8: 2nd trump: 1/3 of seas become blood, 1/3 die >> 2nd bowl: All seas blood and every creature dies. (Rev 16:3) 
  • 3rd trump: 1/3 of rivers blood and wormwood >> 3rd bowl: all rivers blood 
  • Other Scriptures: (Isa 24:6-7), (Joel 1:10-20) new wine fails, field wasted, barns broken, day of the Lord comes 

4th Seal: Death and Sheol gain authority over all humans (around the middle of Daniel’s 70th week) allowed to kill  

  • Rev 13:7 granted to make war with the saints and overcome them. Authority over every tribe, tongue, and nation.  
  • (Rev 9:11) Abaddon / death / Destruction / King of the Abyss / Sheol kills one third of mankind 
  • Other authority Scriptures: Isa 28:15; Dan 7:25; 8:25, 9:27  

5th Seal: Martyred souls under altar given white garment 

  • Rev 7 – multitude from Trib in white 
  • Rev 12:13-17: “Flood” of people (per Jer 46:7-8 & Isa 8:7) persecute kill believers  
  • Rev 13: killed for not taking mark 
  • Rev 17:6 the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and the martyrs of Jesus 
  • Rev 20 non-mark-takers beheaded, resurrected to reign with Jesus 
  • Other martyrs Scripture: Dan 12:1, 7, 10; Isa 24:4-6, 48:10 
  •  Zech 13:8-9; Hos 5:14-15, Mal 3:3; Dan 11:35; Joel 2:12-14 

6th Seal: sun, moon, stars darkened, sky recedes, mountains & islands move, battle-day of Lord, world armies hide from Jesus 

  • (6th seal) sun black as sackcloth, moon like blood. (Rev 6:12) 
  • He opened the sixth seal, and behold, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became like blood. (Rev 6:12
  • 4th Trump 1/3 Sun, Moon, stars darkened: Then the fourth angel sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did not shine, and likewise the night. (Rev 8:12) 
  • 5th trump Rev 9:1-2: abyss opened, sun, moon, stars darkened by smoke (increasing intensity)  
  • And he opened the bottomless pit, and smoke arose out of the pit like the smoke of a great furnace. So the sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke of the pit. (Rev 9:2) 
  • >> 5th bowl Rev 16:10 Darkness and pain 
  • Then the fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom became full of darkness. (Rev 16:10) 
  • Other darkening Scriptures:  
  • “And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: Blood and fire and pillars of smoke. (Joel 2:30) The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, Before the coming of the great and awesome day of the LORD. (Joel 2:31) 
  • Behold, the day of the LORD comes, Cruel, with both wrath and fierce anger, To lay the land desolate; And He will destroy its sinners from it. (Isa 13:9) For the stars of heaven and their constellations Will not give their light; The sun will be darkened in its going forth, and the moon will not cause its light to shine. (Isa 13:10) 
  • sun darkened; moon will not give its light (Matt 24:29) 
  • (6th seal) stars of heaven fell to the earth as a fig tree. (Rev 6:13) 
  • the LORD will punish on high the host of exalted ones. (Isa 24:21) 
  • All their host shall fall down…as fruit falling from a fig tree. (Isa 34:4) 
  • the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. (Matt 24:29) 
  • (6th seal) the sky receded as a scroll when it is rolled up (Rev 6:14) 
  • Rev 11:19 the temple of God was opened in heaven 
  • Rev 19:11 heaven opened…He judges and makes war. 
  • Other Scriptures: Isa 34:4, 64:1; 2Pet 3:10 
  • (6th seal) Every mountain & island moved (Rev 6:14) 
  • 7th bowl Rev 16:18 largest ever earthquake – affects all mountains and islands (so they are not found Rev 16:20), hail,  
  • Isa 2:13-15; 13:13; 24:19-20; 40:4; Jer 4:24; Hab 3:6; (Ezek 38:19-20 all shake, all mountains thrown down) 
  • (6th seal) Battle w/ Jesus / kings, great men, commanders, hide in caves & in the mountains, “the great day of His wrath has come” (Rev 6:15, 17) 
  • 6th bowl Rev 16:12: Euphrates runs dry & nations gather to Armageddon for the battle / day of the Lord 
  • 6th trump: Rev 9: angels released from Euphrates, kill 1/3 mankind, Pabilsags on earth 
  • Rev 14:16-20 winepress, earth reaped, blood to horses’ bridles  
  • Rev 19:11-21 Jesus treads winepress, Battle / Day of the Lord 
  • Rev 19:17-18 Birds called to eat flesh of kings, commanders, etc., Ezek 39:4, 17-20 
  • Isa 2:10, 19; 26:21; 63:3; 66:15-16; Joel 2; 2Thess 1:7-8; Matt 24:30; Ezek 38:18 fury on my face 

7th seal: (& trump & bowl): Lightning, thunders, noises, earthquake, It is finished, Babylon destroyed 

  • Lightning, thunders, noises, earthquake 
  • the seventh seal…silence in heaven for about half an hour. (Rev 8:1) there were noises, thunderings, lightnings, and an earthquake. (Rev 8:5) 
  • the temple of God was opened in heaven…there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail. (Rev 11:19) 
  • And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, (Rev 16:18) 
  • Ezek 38:22 hail, brimstone 
  • Finished! 
  • in the days of the sounding of the seventh angel…the mystery of God would be finished. (Rev 10:7) 
  • the seventh angel sounded: And there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our Lord and of His Christ, and He shall reign forever and ever!” (Rev 11:15) The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that You should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints…And should destroy those who destroy the earth.” (Rev 11:18)  
  • Then the seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and a loud voice came out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, “It is done!” (Rev 16:17)  
  • Ezek 39:29 God hides his face no longer 
  • Babylon judged 
  • Rev 14:8 “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city 
  • the great city was divided…the cities of the nations fell. And great Babylon was remembered…(Rev 16:19) 
  • Rev 18:2 Babylon is fallen 
  • Rev 19:2 Jesus judged the harlot  
  • Ezek 39:21 God sets glory among nations, Isa 48:1-8 

Conclusion of Thematic Approach 

We have seen that the thematic method, with its many recapitulations, is used repeatedly in Scripture from Genesis to Revelation. Revelation takes us up to the end many times and then tells the story again from another perspective. Indeed, in the middle of the book, the angel told John: “You must prophesy again about many peoples, nations, tongues, and kings” (Rev 10:11). To interpret the book chronologically causes many problems such as every mountain and island moving out of their place twice which we are told is impossible. The thematic approach to the book focuses on parallel language and when we do that, we find an abundance of identical passages in the prophets and the words of Jesus – passages that super-impose showing they are referring to the same event. 

Jesus Splits the Mt. of Olives 

Chapter 23 of the Corrupting The Image 3 : Jesus Splits the Mt. of Olives 

After saying, “Baruch Haba B’shem Adonai,” the Jerusalemites will likely have to hide from the impending hordes of hybrids who want to kill them. We get the impression that nearly three days have passed since they called upon Jesus, based on Hosea: 

“Come, and let us return to the LORD; for He has torn, but He will heal us; He has stricken, but He will bind us up (Hos 6:1). After two days He will revive us; on the third day He will raise us up, that we may live in His sight (Hos 6:2).” 

However, the cataclysmic events will darken the sun and moon, and fill the air with smoke and gases from the elements that will melt. Mankind will panic, and it may not even be possible for them to determine the time that has passed since it all started; but it may be 3 literal days. Regardless, the Jerusalem remnant will try to make their way to the Mount of Olives because they know that is where Jesus will come. Jews have elected for centuries to be buried on the Mount of Olives, anticipating that will be where the resurrection occurs first—according to their expectations.  

“Then the LORD will go forth and fight against those nations, as He fights in the day of battle (Zech 14:3). And in that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, which faces Jerusalem on the east (Zech 14:4).” 

The Jerusalemites may be trying to make it to the top of the Mount of Olives when they find themselves surrounded by what appears to be a pincer move from the Beast’s forces who are coming from the north, and from the south to destroy them. Satan might once again think he has won, but he will again be outfoxed. 

Figure 47. Arrows represent the coming forces of the Beast to destroy the Jerusalem remnant. Photo by Bibleplaces.com. 

Even though the Remnant is surrounded by mountains on two sides and hybrid hordes on the other two, Jesus will give supernatural powers to the governors of Judah: 

“In that day I will make the governors of Judah like a firepan in the woodpile, and like a fiery torch in the sheaves; they shall devour all the surrounding peoples on the right hand and on the left, but Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place–Jerusalem.” (Zech 12:6). 

They are in the Valley of Jehoshaphat; the forces of antichrist are coming against them; and then the governors of Judah who are on the periphery receive power from the Lord to have fire shoot from their hands. This is more than feasible based on what the text says: 

“In that day the LORD will defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; the one who is feeble among them in that day shall be like David, and the house of David shall be like God, like the Angel of the LORD before them” (Zech 12:8).  

In Habakkuk 3:4, we learn: “He had rays flashing from His hand” this means Jesus has rays of light flashing from his hand” (Hab 3:4)! This is far cooler than any superhero movie. Jesus will give them power; the strong among them will be like the angel of the Lord before them. They will have fire coming from their hands to defend themselves until Jesus gets there. 

Figure 48. Jesus touching down on the Mount of Olives and with the Jerusalem remnant in the valley of Jehoshaphat. 

The Jerusalemites in the Valley of Jehoshaphat, the Kidron valley are waiting for Jesus; they are fending off the people, the hybrid hordes of Gog that are coming and are devouring them on the right and on the left. The forces of antichrist are doing a pincer move, planning to conquer them from either side. 

Finally, Jesus touches ground on the Mount of Olives, and when He dismounts his horse, then the mountain will split. Which might be the cause of the world’s greatest ever earthquake (more on that later). 

Suddenly, where there was no way to escape, God makes a way!  

“The Mount of Olives shall be split in two, from east to west, making a very large valley; half of the mountain shall move toward the north and half of it toward the south (Zech 14:4). Then you shall flee through My mountain valley, for the mountain valley shall reach to Azal. Yes, you shall flee as you fled from the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah. Thus the LORD my God will come, and all the saints with You (Zech 14:5).” 

We recall that Israel was in this predicament before. They were trapped between a rock and a hard place, with Pharaoh on one side and the Red Sea on the other side. This will be the second Exodus! 

“For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, ‘They are bewildered by the land; the wilderness has closed them in’ (Exod 14:3). ‘Then I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, so that he will pursue them; and I will gain honor over Pharaoh and over all his army, that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD.’ And they did so (Exod 14:4).” 

After the ten plagues, Pharaoh did not learn his lesson and thought he could trap the Israelites and enslave them again. However, it was God who was creating the trap for Pharaoh. In Exodus, we find the sea splitting down the middle, but in the last days, it will be a mountain splitting down the middle. Just as God said that He would “harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they shall go in after them, and I will get glory over Pharaoh and all his host” (Exod 14:17), so too “the LORD alone will be exalted in that day” (Isa 2:17). 

Mother of All Earthquakes 

The earth will experience the greatest earthquake the world has ever seen and will ever see. Though Scripture does not specifically state it, we have good reason to believe that quake could be caused by Jesus’ feet touching down on the Mt. of Olives. The Mount of Olives will open up wide enough for a multitude of people to flee through, similar to the parting of the Red Sea, and will cause tremendous shaking. We know that not many kilometers from Jerusalem, there is an area known as the Dead Sea Transform—“a transform plate boundary, along which two tectonic plates slide past one another.”325 Dr. Yariv Hamiel, head of the GSI’s Geological Hazards and Geological Engineering Division in Israel cautions:  

“In general, we’re worried about the whole Dead Sea Transform (the Syrian-African great rift) from Eilat to Lebanon … There could be a strong quake anywhere along it at any time.”326 

The Dead Sea Transform is itself at the center of four major plates: the African plate, the Anatolian plate, the Arabian plate, and the Eurasian plate. Jesus splitting the mountain could be the very domino that sets in motion the greatest of all earthquakes the world has ever seen. In fact, this is almost certainly the case based on the plethora of Scriptures that talk about massive earth shaking when God returns.  

Figure 49. Dead Sea Transform Red lines are spreading boundaries, where new crust is generated as plates move away from one another; black lines are transform faults where plates slide past one another. 

Nevertheless, even if Jesus’ foot stomping is not what causes the greatest of all earthquakes, the earth will experience a worldwide and unprecedented quake when He returns. It will be so monumental that it is mentioned repeatedly throughout Scripture. 

“I will shake the heavens, and the earth will move out of her place, in the wrath of the LORD of hosts and in the day of His fierce anger” (Isa 13:13). 

We find this same event repeated in Revelation where we learn that “every mountain and island was moved out of its place” (Rev 6:14). That is a big deal. This same event is repeated in chapter 16: 

“There was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth” (Rev 16:18). “Then every island fled away, and the mountains were not found” (Rev 16:20). 

There will be the biggest earthquake in history. It will be so big that every mountain and island will move and flee away. The whole geographical structure of the surface of the earth as we know it will suffer dramatic changes. Nothing has or will ever compare to this event. In 2011, there was a 9.1 magnitude earthquake around Fukushima, Japan that caused unbelievable damage. They say that the earth shifted about an inch. Many of us watched in real time as tsunami waves overwhelmed houses, cars and people. That was just one island and just one inch. According to NASA,  

“Calculations also show the Japan quake should have shifted the position of Earth’s figure axis (the axis about which Earth’s mass is balanced) by about 17 centimeters (6.5 inches), towards 133 degrees east longitude… This shift in Earth’s figure axis will cause Earth to wobble a bit differently as it rotates.”327 

Now imagine if every island and every mountain moved out of its place! The prophet Isaiah described the event, “the foundations of the earth are shaken” (Isa 24:18); and,  

“The earth is violently broken, The earth is split open, The earth is shaken exceedingly (Isa 24:19). The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall totter like a hut; Its transgression shall be heavy upon it, and it will fall, and not rise again (Isa 24:20).” 

The devastation is so bad that Isaiah had to add, “it will fall and not rise again.” The earth will never be the same. Jeremiah described it as the earth, “tohu vavohu,” the same words used in Genesis 1:2 which describes a liquid:  

“I beheld the earth, and indeed it was without form, and void [tohu vavohu]; and the heavens, they had no light (Jer 4:23). I beheld the mountains, and indeed they trembled, and all the hills moved back and forth (Jer 4:24).” 

Figure 50. Some effects of soil liquefaction after the 1964 Niigata earthquake. 

During sizeable earthquakes, the soil begins to act like quicksand, known as liquefaction,​ which is why buildings can just fall over; the soil under the foundation below them is eroded and becomes like liquid. 328 

In other words, the surface of the earth has lost its previous shape and consistency and lies marred, sunken and cracked. Jeremiah further explains the coming devastation: 

“I beheld the mountains, and indeed they trembled, and all the hills moved back and forth (Jer 4:24). I beheld, and indeed there was no man, and all the birds of the heavens had fled (Jer 4:25). I beheld, and indeed the fruitful land was a wilderness, and all its cities were broken down At the presence of the LORD, By His fierce anger (Jer 4:26). For thus says the LORD: “The whole land shall be desolate; Yet I will not make a full end (Jer 4:27). For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black, Because I have spoken. I have purposed and will not relent, Nor will I turn back from it (Jer 4:28).” 

Habakkuk states, “the perpetual mountains were shattered, the ancient hills collapsed” (Hab 3:6 NASB).  

How many times can the earth have every island and every mountain move from its place? It will only happen once because it will irreversibly destroy man’s proud cities:  

“And there were flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, and a great earthquake such as there had never been … (Rev 16:18) … and the cities of the nations fell … (Rev 16:19).”  

The haughtiness of man has been brought to nothing: The factories of man’s industry which produced tanks, planes, guns and bombs; the grand, magnificent skyscrapers, built ever higher, as well as the homes of both the humble and the proud; the stadiums full of idolatry; the great underground cities built for that very day; the glorious and stable pyramids, everything lies shattered in smoldering ruins, debris and rubble as if ripped apart by a tornado, crushed by Jesus’ fierce anger.  

However, this is not the end. We recall that the Beast and the Marked have prepared for this day by upgrading themselves into hybrid “gods” so that they could fight against Jesus. The earthquake certainly rocked their world, but they are not out of the fight yet. This reminds us of how after taking Israel out of Egypt, God was not done with Pharaoh. “And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten glory over Pharaoh, his chariots, and his horsemen” (Exod 14:18). So too, in the battle of Armageddon, God says:  

“You will come up against My people Israel like a cloud, to cover the land. It will be in the latter days that I will bring you against My land, so that the nations may know Me, when I am hallowed in you, O Gog, before their eyes” (Ezek 38:16). “Thus says the Lord GOD: ‘Are you he of whom I have spoken in former days by My servants the prophets of Israel, who prophesied for years in those days that I would bring you against them?’” (Ezek 38:17). “So I will show my greatness and my holiness and make myself known in the eyes of many nations. Then they will know that I am the LORD” (Ezek 38:23). 

In other words, God will be glorified when the boastful, blaspheming Gog is humbled and destroyed. It will also be on that day that an unprecedented earthquake will strike. 

“For in My jealousy and in the fire of My wrath I have spoken: surely in that day there shall be a great earthquake in the land of Israel (Ezek 38:19), so that the fish of the sea, the birds of the heavens, the beasts of the field, all creeping things that creep on the earth, and all men who are on the face of the earth shall shake at My presence. The mountains shall be thrown down, the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground’ (Ezek 38:20).” 

Ezekiel describes this same event in which there will be an enormous earthquake that affects Israel and the whole world so that the mountains are thrown down and every wall falls. Every skyscraper will fall because every mountain and every island will move and it will be the greatest earthquake we will ever know.  

“For the day of the LORD of hosts shall come upon everything proud and lofty…” (Isa 2:12). “Upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up; (Isa 2:14) upon every high tower, and upon every fortified wall” (Isa 2:15) “… And the haughtiness of men shall be brought low; the LORD alone will be exalted in that day” (Isa 2:17). 

Gog / the Beast has seen his fortune change, but his blasphemous arrogance will not allow him to throw in the towel. He will continue to fall into God’s trap, just as Pharaoh did before him. In order to give time to prepare the way for Israel to go through the sea,  

“The angel of God who was going before the host of Israel moved and went behind them, and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them (Exod 14:19), coming between the host of Egypt and the host of Israel. And there was the cloud and the darkness. And it lit up the night without one coming near the other all night (Exod 14:20).” 

God is going to make a way for the Jerusalem Remnant to get away. Rather than it being a wall of fire and cloud as between Israel and Egypt, this time it appears it will be a wall of gigantic hail, flooding rain, great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.  

“And I will bring him to judgment with pestilence and bloodshed; I will rain down on him, on his troops, and on the many peoples who are with him, flooding rain, great hailstones, fire, and brimstone (Ezek 38:22). Thus I will magnify Myself and sanctify Myself, and I will be known in the eyes of many nations. Then they shall know that I am the LORD (Ezek 38:23).” 

The same description is in the Revelation Armageddon passage: 

“And there were noises and thunderings and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such a mighty and great earthquake as had not occurred since men were on the earth. (Rev 16:18) … And great hail from heaven fell upon men, each hailstone about the weight of a talent (Rev 16:21).” 

Figure 51. Softball (and larger)-sized hail fell during a severe thunderstorm that struck Vivian, S.D. on July 23. (Image: © NOAA). 

A talent is roughly 75 pounds, or 34 kilos. The largest hailstone ever recorded was: 

On June 22, 2003, chunks of ice the size of softballs rained down on Aurora, Nebraska. One, a jagged behemoth with a 7-inch (17.8-centimeter) diameter, entered the record books as the largest U.S. hailstone ever. Although large in size, it didn’t unseat the champion by weight, which fell in Coffeyville, Kansas., in 1970, according to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). That hailstone weighed more than a pound and a half (0.75 kg).329 

A pound and a half chunk of ice hitting someone at high speed could easily kill. Nevertheless, it will be dwarfed by the hailstones that will fall during the end of the Tribulation. A 75-pound hailstone falling is more like a cannonball.  

Just as Pharaoh was blocked, while “the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left” (Exod 14:22). So also, falling hail will block the Beast / Gog and his hordes as the Jerusalem Remnant “shall flee through My mountain valley” (Zech 14:5), a canyon with steep walls on their right and left!  

However, as soon as possible, Pharaoh greedily led his army into the parted waters to capture his prey, and fell into God’s trap.  

“And the Egyptians pursued and went after them into the midst of the sea, all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen” (Exod 14:23).  

So too, the Beast and company will follow suit. The hail eventually stops, and we know that it has not killed Gog and the upgraded hybrid hordes because Revelation says that after the hail: “Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, since that plague was exceedingly great” (Rev 16:21). Once the hail has stopped, then the Beast / Gog will hungrily pursue the Jerusalemites into the newly created Arema-Gei-Don, the Valley of Judgment of the Sheaves, and will fall like sheaves. They will do this because God is the one who put a hook in their jaws to lead them to Jerusalem to bring them into his valley of judgment, and they do not understand his thoughts: 

“Now also many nations have gathered against you, who say, ‘Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion.’ But they do not know the thoughts of the Lord, nor do they understand His counsel; for He will gather them like sheaves to the threshing floor” (Micah 4:11–12).  

In the Exodus, “the LORD looked down upon the army of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and cloud, and He troubled the army of the Egyptians” (Exod 14:24). That is, God was present in the midst of the pillar of fire and cloud. He was personally overseeing Israel’s rescue. The text says, “He took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty” (Exod 14:25). It quickly became apparent to the Egyptians that they were fighting a force far greater than themselves; and Pharaoh, the one they believed to be a god, was outmatched.  

The Egyptians said, “Let us flee from the face of Israel, for the LORD fights for them against the Egyptians” (Exod 14:25).  

This time, however, God will not be looking through a pillar of fire and cloud, but will be there, face to face with his adversary. Jesus will jump down about four hundred feet (yes, He can do that) and will interpose himself between his people who are fleeing behind him and the Beast and his hybrid hordes in front of him.  

Figure 52. Jesus interposing in the newly formed valley “gei” of the judgment of the sheaves “Armageddon.” 

When they see Jesus, they will realize they are in trouble and will seek to go in reverse, but unfortunately for them, another wave of hybrids is pushing them toward Jesus, whose “face is like the sun” (Rev 1:16) and whose “brightness was like the light” (Hab 3:4). The brilliance of his visage “will strike every horse with confusion, and its rider with madness … and will strike every horse of the peoples with blindness” (Zech 12:4). All the while, He will decimate the Beast and attackers with the “rays flashing from His hand,” where “His power was hidden” (Hab 3:4). John also tells us, “out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations” (Rev 19:15).  

When they want to get away from him and go back, they cannot; then what God said through the prophets Ezekiel and Zechariah will come to pass: 

  • “I will call for a sword against Gog throughout all My mountains,” says the Lord GOD. “Every man’s sword will be against his brother” (Ezek 38:21).  
  • “It shall come to pass in that day that a great panic from the LORD will be among them. Everyone will seize the hand of his neighbor, and raise his hand against his neighbor’s hand” (Zech 14:13). 

In the Exodus, the trap also became the Egyptians tomb: 

Then the LORD said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots, and on their horsemen” (Exod 14:26). 

So too, Gog and his horde will meet their doom in the Arema-Gei-Don.  

They Melt 

Unable to retreat they will literally melt before the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords who has come to fight on behalf of his people, just as He promised.  

“And this shall be the plague with which the

LORD will strike all the people who fought against Jerusalem: their flesh shall dissolve while they stand on their feet, their eyes shall dissolve in their sockets, and their tongues shall dissolve in their mouths” (Zech 14:12). 

Scripture is replete with passages stating how the mountains will melt at God’s coming:  

  • The day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up (2 Pet 3:10). 
  • The mountains melt like wax at the presence of the LORD, At the presence of the Lord of the whole earth (Ps 97:5). 
  • The mountains will melt under Him, and the valleys will split Like wax before the fire, Like waters poured down a steep place (Mic 1:4). 
  • The Lord GOD of hosts, He who touches the earth and it melts, and all who dwell there mourn. (Amos 9:5). 
  • I will send fire on Magog and on those who dwell securely in the coastlands,330 and they shall know that I am the LORD (Ezek 39:6).  

If the mountains and elements will melt, how much more will the Beast’s / Gog’s horde melt when confronted with the King? We should keep in mind that just as the entire earth did not melt when God came on Sinai, neither will the entire planet melt into goo when Jesus comes. The melting seems to be localized on the surface of the planet. God put Moses in the cleft of the rock as He passed by, because the rocks offered some protection against His fiery presence. It is like passing your hand through a flame will not harm you, but leaving your hand on the flame, even for a few seconds, burns. It is God’s fiery presence remaining in one place that does the damage. It will do so because creation is degenerate due to the Fall and has further degraded over time; but “creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God” (Rom 8:21).  

God set the trap, and Satan / the Beast and company fell into it. They had been exposed to God’s fiery-lightning presence and were melted like wax. Paul corroborates this destruction caused by God’s presence:  

“These shall be punished with everlasting destruction from [apo απο – because of, by virtue of] the presence of the Lord and from [apo απο] the glory of His power” (2 Thess 1:9). 

BDAG explains how apo can be used “to indicate cause, means, or outcome; gener., to show the reason for something. because of, as a result of, for (numerous ref.)”331 Hence, they are not punished away from his presence but because of, by virtue of Jesus’ presence. They are exposed to Jesus, who will consume them “with the breath of His mouth and destroy with the brightness of His coming” (2 Thess 2:8). 

“Punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of His power”; we see this in the parallel passage of Isaiah 66:  

“For behold, the LORD will come with fire and with His chariots, like a whirlwind, to render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire and by His sword the LORD will judge all flesh; and the slain of the LORD shall be many” (Isa 66:15–16).  

Isaiah tells us the reason for God’s wrath: “For the indignation of the LORD is against all nations, and His fury against all their armies” (Isa 34:2). 

Jesus Treads  

The fury on Jesus’ face will endure for some time; for even after Gog and his horde have been hit by the consuming fire of Jesus’ presence and have begun melting before him, He will then execute judgment by treading them underfoot to the point that his garments are stained with their blood: 

“He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood” (Rev 19:13), “He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God” (Rev 19:15). 

Jesus will cut down the wicked like sheaves with his sickle and then trample them in the “great winepress of the wrath of God” (Rev 14:19). He even states in Isaiah:  

“I have trodden the winepress alone, and from the peoples no one was with Me. For I have trodden them in My anger, and trampled them in My fury; their blood is sprinkled upon My garments, and I have stained all My robes. I have trodden down the peoples in My anger, made them drunk in My fury, and brought down their strength to the earth” (Isa 63:2, 3, 6). 

Jesus will trample like grapes the Beast332 who “even exalted himself as high as the Prince of the host” (Daniel 8:10–11), who decided to “exalt himself in his heart … (Dan 8:25), the one “who opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God or that is worshiped, (2 Thess 2:3–4), and the one who “was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies … against God, to blaspheme His name (Rev 13:5-6). When Jesus returns to redeem His people, which God had long warned of through the prophets, that will be the Day of the Lord. Isaiah 2 tells us plainly, “the LORD alone will be exalted in that day” (Isa 2:17). The Day of the Lord is not the entirety of Daniel’s seventieth week or even the three and a half year years of the great tribulation for the simple reason that the Beast / Gog /Antichrist is ostentatiously exalting himself and blaspheming God and those who dwell in heaven. Gog’s humiliation will continue as wave after wave of attackers flow into Jesus’ winepress of God’s wrath. In Revelation, John writes:  

“The winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, [for one thousand six hundred furlongs]” (Rev 14:20).  

Figure 53. Blood up to the horse’s bridle. 

That is a lot of blood. If we are imagining that place up in the Megiddo Valley, up in the north, and if we are thinking about 4 and a half or 5 feet of blood, it seems nearly impossible. But if we imagine a narrow valley with steep canyon walls on the sides, while not a pretty picture, it at least makes more sense.  

Thus Gog, the son of Perdition, Satan’s avatar, the one who deceived the world into believing the delusion and boasted he and his army could defeat Jesus, has fallen and his reign of terror has ended just as God stated: “he shall be broken without human means” (Dan 8:25). He will fall in the Valley of YHWH Judges, Jehoshaphat, next door to Gehenna which God declared: “this place shall no more be called Tophet or the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter” (Jer 19:6). Following his fall, God declared Gog’s further humiliation: 

“You shall fall upon the mountains of Israel, you and all your troops and the peoples who are with you; I will give you to birds of prey of every sort and to the beasts of the field to be devoured” (Ezek 39:4).  

God further says in Ezekiel 39:  

“… speak to the birds of every sort and to all beasts of the field, ‘Assemble and come, gather from all around to the sacrificial feast that I am preparing for you, a great sacrificial feast on the mountains of Israel, and you shall eat flesh and drink blood (Ezek 39:17). You shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth—of rams, of lambs, and of he-goats, of bulls, all of them fat beasts of Bashan (Ezek 39:18). And you shall eat fat till you are filled, and drink blood till you are drunk, at the sacrificial feast that I am preparing for you (Ezek 39:19). You shall be filled at My table with horses and riders, with mighty men and with all the men of war,’ says the Lord GOD (Ezek 39:20).” 

Jesus likewise spoke of the birds of prey that would follow: “So also will the coming of the Son of Man be. For wherever the carcass is, there the eagles will be gathered together” (Matt 24:27, 28).  

The Greek word aetos, is a general word for carrion birds, such as the crow, eagle or vulture. It makes sense that carrion birds, birds that eat decaying flesh, will survive the longest after the waters have turned to “blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died” (Rev 16:3). Vegetation has burned up as well. Many land animals and many birds will have died, so the carrion birds will be quite busy. Because the carrion birds are the last ones around, they are invited to feast on all the dead in both Ezekiel and Revelation:  

“An angel … cried with a loud voice, saying to all the birds that fly in the midst of heaven, ‘Come and gather together for the supper of the great God (Rev 19:17), that you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty men, the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, both small and great’ (Rev 19:18).”  

The time of the battle of Armageddon will be at the Fall Feasts. The return of Jesus is most likely on Yom Teruah (the Feast of Trumpets), the day that no one knows the day or the hour because it falls on the first of the seventh month [Rosh Chodesh].  

Figure 54. Migration of birds over Israel https://spanishnature.blogspot.com/2011/12/tale-that-knows-no-boundaries-big-blog.html 

In the Spring and Fall there is a massive migration of millions of birds, from Europe and Asia to Africa. Incredibly, the vast majority of birds fly over Israel. They do not fly over anywhere else primarily, but just almost completely over Israel. The angel will say to these birds, “Come on down, we’ve got this great feast, because the Lord has just trodden his enemies underfoot.”  

The Beast has now been thoroughly vanquished and humiliated. However, because he is a hybrid, he will sustain a lot of punishment until ultimately, the text says: “Then the beast was captured and with him the false prophet” (Rev 19:20).  

After Jesus has vanquished all foes, He says: 

“When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then He will sit on the throne of His glory” (Matt 25:31). 

Similar to the previous two texts, Daniel says fire comes from the Judge, court is in session, and the Beast is given to the fire: 

“His throne was a fiery flame, his wheels a burning fire, a fiery stream, issued and came forth from before Him (Dan 7:9). Thousands, thousands ministered to Him, ten thousand times ten thousand stood before Him, the court was seated in the books were opened (Dan 7:10). I watched until the beast was slain and his body destroyed and given to the burning flame (Dan 7:11).” 

John finishes with the same description of the end concerning the Beast and False Prophet: 

“These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone (Rev 19:20). And the rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse. And all the birds were filled with their flesh (Rev 19:21).” 

Following their judgment, a mighty angel will lead Satan bound in chains to the smoking and pitch-black abyss. 

“Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain (Rev 20:1). And he seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years (Rev 20:2), and threw him into the pit, and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he might not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were ended. After that he must be released for a little while (Rev 20:3).” 

Satan and the fallen will be put into the abyss, Sheol, the very prison they opened in order to fight Jesus. They will have their ultimate judgment deferred until one thousand years later, which we will explore in great detail in Corrupting the Image 4. 

Table 11. Day of the Lord, Jesus Comes in Fiery Wrath. 

Armageddon and the Valley of Jehoshaphat 

Chapter 22 of The Corrupting The Image 3 : Armageddon and the Valley of Jehoshaphat 

The impending battle will be the cataclysmic, battle of the ages. Nothing will be bigger, and nothing will be more significant than this battle. World War I was astounding; World War II was mindboggling, but nothing will top the final battle known as Armageddon. Under the command of the Beast, all who have taken the mark and worshipped the Image from every nation will be united to fight against Jesus so Satan can keep earth as his domain.  

All nations will assemble / gather there to battle and God himself will fight and judge in the Valley of Jehoshaphat [יְהוֹשָׁפָט Yehoshafat], which in Hebrew means: “Yehovah will judge.” 

“Prepare for war! Wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near, let them come up. Beat your plowshares into swords …” (Joel 3:9) “Assemble and come, all you nations…” (Joel 3:11) “Let the nations be wakened, and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations” (Joel 3:12).  

God tells us that many nations are going to come against Jerusalem, but they do not know the thoughts of the Lord (Mic 4:12). In Joel, God says, “Let the nations come to the Valley of Jehoshaphat” (where Yehovah judges) because that is where He is going to put in his sickle and harvest. He invites them to take part in this epic battle and advises them to make weapons by beating plowshares into swords so they can fight Him.  

The world will come to Jerusalem to fight in the battle of all battles, as attested by many passages: 

  • I will make Jerusalem a cup of drunkenness to all the surrounding peoples, when they lay siege against Judah and Jerusalem. And it shall happen in that day that I will make Jerusalem a very heavy stone for all peoples; all who would heave it away will surely be cut in pieces, though all nations of the earth are gathered against it (Zech 12:2–3). 
  • It shall be in that day that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem (Zech 12:9). 
  • For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem (Zech 14:2).  
  • And the winepress was trampled outside the city (Rev 14:20). 
  • You shall fall on the mountains of Israel, you and all your hordes … with you [Speaking of Gog] (Ezek 39:4). 

These are all one and the same event. Next, Joel urges God to: “Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, go down; for the winepress is full, the vats overflow– for their wickedness is great” (Joel 3:13). This is the same language we find in Revelation where an angel calls out: “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe” (Rev 14:15). The result is that “the winepress [of God] was trampled “outside the city” (Rev 14:20). All nations of the world will come against Jerusalem, therefore, “outside the city” is not outside of Phoenix, Denver, or Tel Aviv. It is right outside of Jerusalem. This is where this winepress event is going to happen.  

Figure 44. Ancient city of Jerusalem showing the Hinnom and Kidron Valleys. 

The city in question is Jerusalem. Joel tells us about the hordes of people who will be in the valley at the end of the age, on the Day of the Lord, when the sun and moon will grow dark, as stated in the Revelation, Isaiah, and other passages. 

“Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision (Joel 3:14). The sun and moon will grow dark, and the stars will diminish their brightness (Joel 3:15). The LORD also will roar from Zion, and utter His voice from Jerusalem; the heavens and earth will shake (Joel 3:16).” 

The winepress: Valley of Decision and Valley of Jehoshaphat (lit. Yehovah judges), are the same, which is just outside the city. The area is also known as the Kidron Valley, which is adjacent to Gehenna or Ge Ben-Hinnom Valley.  

This location is historically significant. It’s not by coincidence that the book of Joshua 18:6 calls this place “the Valley of Rephaim” and the Valley of Hinnom.  

“Then the border came down to the end of the mountain that lies before the Valley of the Son of Hinnom [גֵּ֣י בֶן־ הִנֹּ֔ם gei-ben-Hinnom], which is in the Valley of Rephaim on the north …” (Josh 18:6) “… descended to the Valley of Hinnom [גֵּ֣י הִנֹּ֔ם gei-Hinnom], to the side of the Jebusite city on the south, and descended to En Rogel” (Josh 18:16; see also Josh 15:8).  

Rephaim are the same as the Anakim, which are Nephilim or hybrids. In other words, Gehenna was in the Valley of the Rephaim, the valley of Satan’s hybrids (including King Og)! It was in the same area, on the Mount of Corruption, that Solomon demonstrated his lack of wisdom. 

“Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, on the hill that is east of Jerusalem, and for Molech the abomination of the people of Ammon” (1 Kgs 11:7).  

Then, “he burned incense in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, and burned his children in the fire, according to the abominations of the nations…” (2 Chr 28:3). Sadly, Israel’s wisest king committed the very things God said not to do, lest their heart should depart from him.  

Later Josiah, who was a good king—the one who found the Torah in the temple and tried to undo some of the heinous sins of the nation:  

Figure 45. Topography and elevation of Jerusalem as viewed from the south. https://www.generationword.com/jerusalembook/8.html 

“He defiled Tophet, which is in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom [גֵּ֣י בֶן־ הִנֹּ֔ם gei-ben-Hinnom], that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire to Molech (2 Kgs 23:10). Then the king defiled the high places that were east of Jerusalem, which were on the south of the Mount of Corruption [next to the Mount of Olives], which Solomon king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the people of Ammon” (2 Kgs 23:13). 

The place was used for horrifically cruel sacrifices of the innocent to Ashtoreth and Baal. 

“Because they have forsaken Me and made this an alien place, because they have burned incense in it to other gods whom neither they, their fathers, nor the kings of Judah have known, and have filled this place with the blood of the innocents (Jer 19:4) (they have also built the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or speak, nor did it come into My mind), (Jer 19:5) ‘Therefore behold, the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘that this place shall no more be called Tophet or the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter (Jer 19:6).’” 

The word Tophet probably comes from the word tupim, drums. Tophet is superimposed with another word meaning boshet, which means, shame. It is thought they would beat the drums as they would burn the children to the false gods. Tophet and Gehenna are the same exact place (Jer 7:31). The Valley of the Son of Hinnom in Hebrew is gei-ben-Hinnom. Gei means Valley, ben is son and Hinnom is the family name. That same locale is Akeldama (field of blood), where, after Judas (who betrayed Jesus) realized what he had done, he went and hanged himself. It is in that same location. It all happens right here. Incredibly, in this little piece of real estate just down the hill from the Old City of Jerusalem, the great final conflict and judgement will take place. 

Thus, the final defeat of the false gods will occur in the same location where they demanded human sacrifices; in the place where they trampled the innocent and demanded their blood, they themselves will be trampled and their blood will come up to the horses’ bridles. No more than a few hundred meters east of the Mount of Corruption, where Solomon erected altars to the false gods, Jesus will touch down on the Mount of Olives, to bring divine retribution in the fullest sense. In a word, Armageddon will be fought in this place. 

The Meaning of Armageddon 

So where is Armageddon? And what does the word mean? A popular thought is that it will take place in the Megiddo Valley in the northern part of Israel, in the Jezreel Valley, near Galilee. This notion is based on the understanding that Armageddon comes from “Mountain of Megiddo.” [הר מגידו Har Megiddo]: Yet if you go to Megiddo, you will not find a mountain. In fact, nowhere in the Bible is there talk of a “mountain of Megiddo.” 2 Chronicles 35:22, speaks of the “Valley of Megiddo,” and Zechariah 12:11 mentions the “plain of Megiddo.” But there is no har-megiddon / mountain of Megiddo(n). Hence, this trail of explanation fails to match the geographic reality. 

Even though there is a Tel Megiddo, from an ancient Akkadian word, which is an artificial mound created by the repeated destruction and rebuilding of a city. Tel Megiddo has been known for a long time. Nevertheless, it is not a “har” mountain, and thus there is no Har Megiddo. This means the etymology of Armageddon must be found elsewhere.  

Another theory is that it comes from Har Moed [מועד]—that is, the mountain of appointed times or seasons. The rational is that the Hebrew letter: ע “ayin,” present in the word, is often transliterated as the English letter “G.” For example, Gomorrah is written with the Hebrew ayin, “’amorrah.” Nevertheless, when we plug in those variables, we get Har-Moged or Armoged where the “a” changed to an “o” and the final “on” is missing. Simply stated, the suggestion of Har Moed, still falls short of the word Armageddon, and we ought to keep looking for another linguistic solution.  

Comparing Spellings of Armageddon 

The spelling “Armageddon” is not attested in the Byzantine (majority texts), nor in the Alexandrus and Vaticanus (the oldest New Testament text families). The only vowel that would not fit both manuscript families is the spelling with one delta Αρμαγεδων “Armagedon.” In Hebrew, Megiddo/n [מְגִדּֽוֹן] has a dagesh in the dalet, meaning it should be doubled. Hence the transliteration of this word requires two deltas. We do find two deltas in the Textus Receptus,317 (the basis of the King James text), but in the overwhelming majority of texts and in the oldest texts, there is only one delta. Thus, we have a spelling problem with the consonants. Furthermore, of the twelve times this name appears in Scripture, eleven are spelled: Megiddo, and only once with the final nun (N) as: Megiddon. On top of that, we have a vowel problem. The Hebrew word [מְגִדּֽוֹן], Meg-i-don has vowels, which do not fit with Ar-ma-ge-don. Simply stated, Megiddon is not related to Armageddon. 

Page Break 

Alexandrus / Vaticanus (oldest) Majority/Byzantine 5000+ copies Textus Receptus only 6 mss Original Hebrew 
Αρμαγεδων Αρμαγεδων Αρμαγεδδών מְגִדּֽוֹן 
Harmagedon Harmagedon Harmageddon Megiddon 

Table 10. Comparing Spelling of Armageddon. 

Instead of interpreting Armageddon as “mountain of Megiddo” (Har-Megiddon), which we saw does not exist physically or linguistically, another option that fits much better and falls into place with the themes in the Bible is interpreting Armageddon as three words Arema-gei-don,318 which would translate as the “heaps of the valley of judgment.”319 

Figure 46. Heap of grain “arema”—Image by congerdesign from Pixabay. 

Arema – Heap 

Arema is a heap of sheaves. For example, when Boaz “went to lie down at the end of the heap [הָעֲרֵמָ֑ה ha’arema] of grain” (Ruth 3:7). (We ought not to envision processed grain that comes out of a harvester-tractor). Boaz was lying on a heap of sheaves, like a straw bed.  

The word is also used regarding the destruction of Babylon; Jeremiah wrote, “Cast her up as heaps [עֲרֵמִ֖ים aremim] of ruins” (Jer 50:26).  

Aram means to be heaped up. It occurs once in the Bible in the verbal form; and we find it in other places as a noun or heap, and we also find in Micah 4:12.  

“Now also many nations have gathered against you, who say, ‘Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion.’ But they do not know the thoughts of the Lord, nor do they understand His counsel; for He will gather them like sheaves [כֶּעָמִ֥יר k’amir] to the threshing floor” (Micah 4:11-12). 

In Hebrew, it is called a linguistic metathesis where two letters can switch, and this does happen. Amir and arema both have the same meaning, but the letters can change places because of the metathesis. There are many examples of this happening.320 Thus, we have the same basic meanings in Amir and arema.  

God says He will gather like sheaves to the threshing floor, those who are coming against Jerusalem. This motif carries through in this Armageddon/ Second Coming event.  

Could arema transliterated into Greek become arma-? Based on the evidence of transliterated Hebrew words in the New Testament, the answer is yes. For example, the Hebrew: Hoshianna [הוֹשִׁ֘יעָ֥ה] is transliterated and reduced to Hosanna [Ωσαννα]. We also have the curious word Ephphatha [ἐφφαθά], which I wrote about in Discovering the Language of Jesus (2005). The gospel of Mark tells us the word means, “be opened.” It is a Niphal imperfect (future / command) of the Hebrew verb: patach [פּתח].  

Job 12:14, Job 32:19, Ezekiel 24:27, and Ezekiel 46:1 are the only verses with the form יפּתח. Three of the four have the vocalization yippate’ach and the fourth has yippatach.321 

If Jesus were using the form yippate’ach for Ephphatha (versus yippatach) then we would see a reduction of the “e” vowel. This gives us a template for how arema may have been reduced to arma in the transliteration.  

Gei – Valley 

There are several words for valley in Hebrew: Bakka is בקעה (Bi’kah) indicates widely extended plains such as Babylon, Lebanon, and the area at the foot of Mt. Hermon. The Valley of Megiddo is the Bik’at Megiddo; a wide-open expanse that farmers love, due to the abundant flat area.  

Emek is a deeper valley of wide extent fit for agriculture and warfare. For example, the Valley of Jehoshaphat, Emek Yehoshafat, in Jerusalem.  

Lastly, Gei means a deep valley, canyon. Gei Ben-Hinnom, the Valley of the Son of Hinnom is just outside of Jerusalem where sacrifices were offered to Molech. In Zechariah 14: “And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two… Making a very large valley [גֵּ֖יא gei]” (Zech 14:4).  

Don – Judgment 

The last word is don, which comes from the Hebrew din or ladon and according to the Theological workbook of the Old Testament, “din” is nearly identical in meaning with shaphat322 which we have seen in the word Jehoshaphat. Yeho-shaphat is where God will judge and cast in his sickle.  

“I will also gather all nations, and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; and I will enter into judgment with them there (Joel 3:2) Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, go down; for the winepress is full” (Joel 3:13). 

How do we get dôn from din? The same root is found in the word Dani-el, “God is my judge.” The infinitive absolute always has the ô, e.g.: mot [מוֹת môt] sov [סֹב sôv], gol, [גּוֹל gôl] and dom [דּ֤וֹם dôm]. For example: 

  • Be silent [דּ֤וֹם] in the LORD’s presence… (Ps 37:7).  
  • You are to weep in silence [דֹּ֗ם]…” (Ezek 24:17).  

Hence, judgment is written as dôn [דּ֤וֹן].  

Summary 

Putting it all together, we see that there is no mountain of Megiddo.323 And no, the battle will not take place in the Jezreel (Megiddo) valley; rather, God will come like a man of war and will fight to save his people in Jerusalem. The battle takes place (initially) in the Valley of Jehoshaphat, next to the Valley of Gei Ben-Hinnom (Gehenna) where God is going to reap outside of the city (refer to Figure 44). Outside the city is where He is going to trample these grapes.  

 It should be noted here that this Valley of Judgment [דּ֤וֹן -גֵּ֖יא gei-don] does not yet exist on the map. It will be created when Jesus’ foot touches down on the Mt. of Olives and it cleaves in two, thereby creating the “gei-don,” and the “heap” will be the bodies of the Beast’s army. We will consider this epic battle in the next chapter.  

The pieces fit together with the Scriptural motifs of Jesus harvesting and treading grapes, and with the motif of the crossing of the Red Sea, (it appears God likes to recycle themes). Lastly, we will see how Satan will pull out all the stops to plan for this battle to take Jerusalem and defeat God; but in the end, he will be “hoisted with his own petard.”324 Just like in the Proverb “Whoever digs a pit will fall into it” (Prov 26:27), the Beast will fall in the trap that he sets for the Jerusalemites.  

Our etymology of Armageddon as arema-gei-don, where Arema means harvested heap, Gei means valley and Don means judgment, yields: “the heap of the valley of the judgement,” and fits far better than the nonexistent mountain of Megiddo, or the even weaker interpretation of the mountain of appointed times.