Nimrod as Gilgamesh

Chapter 11 of Corrupting the Image vol 2: Nimrod as Gilgamesh 

Nimrod the rebel may also be known by the name Gilgamesh. In the ancient epic, Gilgamesh was a demigod from Uruk, which is biblical Erech and modern-day Iraq. According to Genesis 10, “The beginning of [Nimrod’s] kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar” (Gen 10:10). Gilgamesh was eager to make a name for himself and set out on adventure with his half-animal, half-human hybrid friend, Enkidu, in order to ask Utnapishtim, a survivor from the Flood, the secret of immortality. 

It is interesting that in the epic, the Flood is taken as a matter of historical fact. No explanation is given about the Deluge, much like how every American knows the 4th of July is Independence Day. Everyone reading the Epic of Gilgamesh would have known there had been a Flood.  

Gilgamesh’s name itself means “ancestor hero”, which points us back to Nimrod, who began to be a gibbor (a hero). In a later section, we will consider another face of Nimrod as Pabilsag, the chief ancestor, a name which includes an aspect from Gilgamesh (bilga “ancestor”). According to behindthename.com, Gilgamesh:  

Possibly means “the ancestor is a hero”, from Sumerian (bilga) meaning “ancestor” and (mes) meaning “hero, young man” … Gilgamesh was probably based on a real person: a king of Uruk who ruled around the 27th century BC.xix 

Amar Annus, in his ground-breaking study, has brought to light a hidden detail in Gilgamesh’s name which may provide a connection between Ninurta and Gilgamesh. Ninurta’s epithet is frequently “overseer of the equilibrium of the universe,” while Gilgamesh’s esoteric name, as deduced by S. Parpola, was “he who balanced the tree of equilibrium,” which is hidden into the cryptographic signs dGIŠ.GÍN.MAŠ.” xx In other words, Ninurta and Gilgamesh might be the same. 

There are other features of Gilgamesh that echo Nimrod and the idea that he was a gigas, a giant. According to scholar, A. Heidel, Gilgamesh is “2/3 god and 1/3 man.xxi He is from Uruk. He was a giant (11 cubits). He constructs cities. He takes women. He is a mighty hunter, and he is a “shepherd.”xxii  

Just looking at that list of similarities leads us to conclude “His activities thus resemble the exploits of the Mesopotamian hero Gilgamesh.”xxiii Nimrod was a hybrid, and was from Erech / Uruk. He constructed cities, and was likely behind the construction of Babel and the religious system. He was a hunter. We certainly hear loud echoes of Nimrod in the Gilgamesh epic, which strongly suggests they were the same historic hero.xxiv  

Annus reminds us of an important principle as we continue on our journey to uncover Satan’s ancient machinations. He says, “Creation myths and conflict myths are somewhat different entities, but in some versions or contaminations they might be connected into a single mythical story.”xxv In other words, the Gilgamesh, Ninurta and Nimrod accounts could be contaminations of the original, but ultimately, they lead us back to original story.  

G. Smith and Jeremias were some of the first scholars to suggest the theory that Nimrod was, in fact, Gilgamesh: 

Nimrod is to be identified with the Babylonian hero Izdubar or Gishdubar (Gilgamesh) … based on the fact that Izdubar is represented in the Babylonian epos as a mighty hunter, always accompanied by four dogs, and as the founder of the first great kingdom in Asia. Moreover, instead of “Izdubar”—the correct reading of which had not yet been determined—Jeremias saw the possibility of reading “Namra Udu” (shining light), a reading which would have made the identification with Nimrod almost certain.xxvi 

We must appreciate the fact that Gilgamesh is not a fictional character; He was a real man. As S. N. Kramer suggests in History Begins in Sumer, the earliest period of Mesopotamian history is the same time that Gilgamesh ruled.xxvii This period is also when Nimrod existed, according to the Bible. And Nimrod the Rebel was such a sight to behold that God took notice! 

HOW TALL WAS GILGAMESH? 

It has been noted that Gilgamesh was 11 cubits tall. xxviii Exactly how tall he was varies based on the value of the cubit, and the measurement of a cubit length varied as:  

  • Hebrew 17.5 in 
  • Egyptian 17.6 in 
  • Babylonian Long 19.8 in 
  • Hebrew Longest 20.4 in 
  • Egyptian Long 20.6 in 

Since Gilgamesh came from the Babylonian region, we ought to use the Babylonian cubit. Thus 19.8” x 11 cubits equals 18.15 feet (5.53 m).  

It is interesting to compare his height to Og, King of Bashan. Moses wrote in Deuteronomy that Og’s bed was nine cubits long (Deut 3:11). But which cubit should we use for Og? The real question is which cubit would Moses, who was “learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians,” (Acts 7:22) have used? Of course, the Egyptian Cubit.  

Figure 29 Egyptian Royal Cubit 

When I had the chance to visit the British Museum in London, I requested to look at the Egyptian (Royal) cubit, and they obliged me. After waiting about half an hour, they took me into a room with lots of drawers. They opened one and pulled out the Egyptian (Royal) cubit, as depicted in Figure 29. I have to admit, I was very excited. I measured it, and it was exactly 20.63 inches. Thus, we have the exact length of the standard measure Moses would have used.  

We are told of Og’s bed (or likely sarcophagus) that “nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man” (Deut 3:11 JPS). We calculate 20.63 inches times nine cubits and arrive at 15.47 feet (4.716 m) long and the width is about six feet ten inches (6.87 feet, 2.094 meters); That means Og was roughly 15’6” tall. Gilgamesh was about 18’ tall. These descriptions fit second temple sources; Josephus mentions the ancient giants who had: “bodies so large, and countenances so entirely different from other men, that they were surprising to the sight.”xxix The Book of Baruch mentions the giants “were of so great stature, and so expert in war.”xxx 

There is no doubt that many features match both Nimrod and Gilgamesh and hence, we cannot write Gilgamesh off as a purely fictional character. S. N. Kramer agrees and points out: “A few years ago one would have strongly doubted his (historical) existence … we now have the certitude that the time of Gilgamesh corresponds to the earliest period of Mesopotamian history.xxxi  

Figure 30 Gilgamesh relief in Louvre Museum in Paris 

GILGAMESH’S WEIGHT 

The Louvre Museum in Paris contains a relief, seen in Figure 30 on the previous page, that is thought to be of Gilgamesh. It may just be coincidental, but the relief is between sixteen to eighteen feet tall. In the picture, Gilgamesh can be seen holding a lion, like a woman might hold her chihuahua. In Corrupting the Image Vol. 1, we determined that Og weighed about 3,125 lbs (1,417 kg), since he was 2.5 times an average man’s height today. Our formula required that we find the cube of 2.5 times 200 lbs. (91 kg). We used 2.5 because Og was 15 feet tall which is 2.5 times taller than an average man weighing 200 lbs., which yielded 3,125 lbs. (1,417 kg). Applying the same formula: the cube of 3 times 200 lbs. to Gilgamesh, we arrive at a weight of 5,400 lbs. (2,449 kg)! Someone that weighs that much could easily hold a four hundred poundxxxii lion! 

GILGAMESH’S TOMB FOUND 

In 2003, the BBC reported that archaeologist Jörg Fassbinder of the Bavarian Department of Historical Monuments in Munich used a magnetic imaging system to create a magnetogram, or a digital map of an area in the ancient city of Uruk. Fassbinder states: “The most surprising thing was that we found structures already described by Gilgamesh.” He believed they might have found the tomb of Gilgamesh under what used to be the bed of the Euphrates River, where it flowed in the ancient city of Uruk. Fassbinder states: “I don’t want to say definitely it was the grave of King Gilgamesh, but it looks very similar to that described in the epic.” BBC goes on to say, “Gilgamesh was described as having been buried under the Euphrates, in a tomb apparently constructed when the waters of the ancient river parted following his death.”xxxiii  

Amazingly, Revelation 9 predicts that four angels will emerge from the Euphrates River itself. “Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates” (Rev. 9:14KJV).  Could Gilgamesh be one of those beings?