Tag Armageddon the valley of Jehoshaphat

Armageddon and the Valley of Jehoshaphat 

Chapter 22 of The Corrupting The Image 3 : Armageddon and the Valley of Jehoshaphat 

The impending battle will be the cataclysmic, battle of the ages. Nothing will be bigger, and nothing will be more significant than this battle. World War I was astounding; World War II was mindboggling, but nothing will top the final battle known as Armageddon. Under the command of the Beast, all who have taken the mark and worshipped the Image from every nation will be united to fight against Jesus so Satan can keep earth as his domain.  

All nations will assemble / gather there to battle and God himself will fight and judge in the Valley of Jehoshaphat [יְהוֹשָׁפָט Yehoshafat], which in Hebrew means: “Yehovah will judge.” 

“Prepare for war! Wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near, let them come up. Beat your plowshares into swords …” (Joel 3:9) “Assemble and come, all you nations…” (Joel 3:11) “Let the nations be wakened, and come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; for there I will sit to judge all the surrounding nations” (Joel 3:12).  

God tells us that many nations are going to come against Jerusalem, but they do not know the thoughts of the Lord (Mic 4:12). In Joel, God says, “Let the nations come to the Valley of Jehoshaphat” (where Yehovah judges) because that is where He is going to put in his sickle and harvest. He invites them to take part in this epic battle and advises them to make weapons by beating plowshares into swords so they can fight Him.  

The world will come to Jerusalem to fight in the battle of all battles, as attested by many passages: 

  • I will make Jerusalem a cup of drunkenness to all the surrounding peoples, when they lay siege against Judah and Jerusalem. And it shall happen in that day that I will make Jerusalem a very heavy stone for all peoples; all who would heave it away will surely be cut in pieces, though all nations of the earth are gathered against it (Zech 12:2–3). 
  • It shall be in that day that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem (Zech 12:9). 
  • For I will gather all the nations to battle against Jerusalem (Zech 14:2).  
  • And the winepress was trampled outside the city (Rev 14:20). 
  • You shall fall on the mountains of Israel, you and all your hordes … with you [Speaking of Gog] (Ezek 39:4). 

These are all one and the same event. Next, Joel urges God to: “Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, go down; for the winepress is full, the vats overflow– for their wickedness is great” (Joel 3:13). This is the same language we find in Revelation where an angel calls out: “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe” (Rev 14:15). The result is that “the winepress [of God] was trampled “outside the city” (Rev 14:20). All nations of the world will come against Jerusalem, therefore, “outside the city” is not outside of Phoenix, Denver, or Tel Aviv. It is right outside of Jerusalem. This is where this winepress event is going to happen.  

Figure 44. Ancient city of Jerusalem showing the Hinnom and Kidron Valleys. 

The city in question is Jerusalem. Joel tells us about the hordes of people who will be in the valley at the end of the age, on the Day of the Lord, when the sun and moon will grow dark, as stated in the Revelation, Isaiah, and other passages. 

“Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! For the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision (Joel 3:14). The sun and moon will grow dark, and the stars will diminish their brightness (Joel 3:15). The LORD also will roar from Zion, and utter His voice from Jerusalem; the heavens and earth will shake (Joel 3:16).” 

The winepress: Valley of Decision and Valley of Jehoshaphat (lit. Yehovah judges), are the same, which is just outside the city. The area is also known as the Kidron Valley, which is adjacent to Gehenna or Ge Ben-Hinnom Valley.  

This location is historically significant. It’s not by coincidence that the book of Joshua 18:6 calls this place “the Valley of Rephaim” and the Valley of Hinnom.  

“Then the border came down to the end of the mountain that lies before the Valley of the Son of Hinnom [גֵּ֣י בֶן־ הִנֹּ֔ם gei-ben-Hinnom], which is in the Valley of Rephaim on the north …” (Josh 18:6) “… descended to the Valley of Hinnom [גֵּ֣י הִנֹּ֔ם gei-Hinnom], to the side of the Jebusite city on the south, and descended to En Rogel” (Josh 18:16; see also Josh 15:8).  

Rephaim are the same as the Anakim, which are Nephilim or hybrids. In other words, Gehenna was in the Valley of the Rephaim, the valley of Satan’s hybrids (including King Og)! It was in the same area, on the Mount of Corruption, that Solomon demonstrated his lack of wisdom. 

“Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, on the hill that is east of Jerusalem, and for Molech the abomination of the people of Ammon” (1 Kgs 11:7).  

Then, “he burned incense in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, and burned his children in the fire, according to the abominations of the nations…” (2 Chr 28:3). Sadly, Israel’s wisest king committed the very things God said not to do, lest their heart should depart from him.  

Later Josiah, who was a good king—the one who found the Torah in the temple and tried to undo some of the heinous sins of the nation:  

Figure 45. Topography and elevation of Jerusalem as viewed from the south. https://www.generationword.com/jerusalembook/8.html 

“He defiled Tophet, which is in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom [גֵּ֣י בֶן־ הִנֹּ֔ם gei-ben-Hinnom], that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire to Molech (2 Kgs 23:10). Then the king defiled the high places that were east of Jerusalem, which were on the south of the Mount of Corruption [next to the Mount of Olives], which Solomon king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the people of Ammon” (2 Kgs 23:13). 

The place was used for horrifically cruel sacrifices of the innocent to Ashtoreth and Baal. 

“Because they have forsaken Me and made this an alien place, because they have burned incense in it to other gods whom neither they, their fathers, nor the kings of Judah have known, and have filled this place with the blood of the innocents (Jer 19:4) (they have also built the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or speak, nor did it come into My mind), (Jer 19:5) ‘Therefore behold, the days are coming,’ says the LORD, ‘that this place shall no more be called Tophet or the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter (Jer 19:6).’” 

The word Tophet probably comes from the word tupim, drums. Tophet is superimposed with another word meaning boshet, which means, shame. It is thought they would beat the drums as they would burn the children to the false gods. Tophet and Gehenna are the same exact place (Jer 7:31). The Valley of the Son of Hinnom in Hebrew is gei-ben-Hinnom. Gei means Valley, ben is son and Hinnom is the family name. That same locale is Akeldama (field of blood), where, after Judas (who betrayed Jesus) realized what he had done, he went and hanged himself. It is in that same location. It all happens right here. Incredibly, in this little piece of real estate just down the hill from the Old City of Jerusalem, the great final conflict and judgement will take place. 

Thus, the final defeat of the false gods will occur in the same location where they demanded human sacrifices; in the place where they trampled the innocent and demanded their blood, they themselves will be trampled and their blood will come up to the horses’ bridles. No more than a few hundred meters east of the Mount of Corruption, where Solomon erected altars to the false gods, Jesus will touch down on the Mount of Olives, to bring divine retribution in the fullest sense. In a word, Armageddon will be fought in this place. 

The Meaning of Armageddon 

So where is Armageddon? And what does the word mean? A popular thought is that it will take place in the Megiddo Valley in the northern part of Israel, in the Jezreel Valley, near Galilee. This notion is based on the understanding that Armageddon comes from “Mountain of Megiddo.” [הר מגידו Har Megiddo]: Yet if you go to Megiddo, you will not find a mountain. In fact, nowhere in the Bible is there talk of a “mountain of Megiddo.” 2 Chronicles 35:22, speaks of the “Valley of Megiddo,” and Zechariah 12:11 mentions the “plain of Megiddo.” But there is no har-megiddon / mountain of Megiddo(n). Hence, this trail of explanation fails to match the geographic reality. 

Even though there is a Tel Megiddo, from an ancient Akkadian word, which is an artificial mound created by the repeated destruction and rebuilding of a city. Tel Megiddo has been known for a long time. Nevertheless, it is not a “har” mountain, and thus there is no Har Megiddo. This means the etymology of Armageddon must be found elsewhere.  

Another theory is that it comes from Har Moed [מועד]—that is, the mountain of appointed times or seasons. The rational is that the Hebrew letter: ע “ayin,” present in the word, is often transliterated as the English letter “G.” For example, Gomorrah is written with the Hebrew ayin, “’amorrah.” Nevertheless, when we plug in those variables, we get Har-Moged or Armoged where the “a” changed to an “o” and the final “on” is missing. Simply stated, the suggestion of Har Moed, still falls short of the word Armageddon, and we ought to keep looking for another linguistic solution.  

Comparing Spellings of Armageddon 

The spelling “Armageddon” is not attested in the Byzantine (majority texts), nor in the Alexandrus and Vaticanus (the oldest New Testament text families). The only vowel that would not fit both manuscript families is the spelling with one delta Αρμαγεδων “Armagedon.” In Hebrew, Megiddo/n [מְגִדּֽוֹן] has a dagesh in the dalet, meaning it should be doubled. Hence the transliteration of this word requires two deltas. We do find two deltas in the Textus Receptus,317 (the basis of the King James text), but in the overwhelming majority of texts and in the oldest texts, there is only one delta. Thus, we have a spelling problem with the consonants. Furthermore, of the twelve times this name appears in Scripture, eleven are spelled: Megiddo, and only once with the final nun (N) as: Megiddon. On top of that, we have a vowel problem. The Hebrew word [מְגִדּֽוֹן], Meg-i-don has vowels, which do not fit with Ar-ma-ge-don. Simply stated, Megiddon is not related to Armageddon. 

Page Break 

Alexandrus / Vaticanus (oldest) Majority/Byzantine 5000+ copies Textus Receptus only 6 mss Original Hebrew 
Αρμαγεδων Αρμαγεδων Αρμαγεδδών מְגִדּֽוֹן 
Harmagedon Harmagedon Harmageddon Megiddon 

Table 10. Comparing Spelling of Armageddon. 

Instead of interpreting Armageddon as “mountain of Megiddo” (Har-Megiddon), which we saw does not exist physically or linguistically, another option that fits much better and falls into place with the themes in the Bible is interpreting Armageddon as three words Arema-gei-don,318 which would translate as the “heaps of the valley of judgment.”319 

Figure 46. Heap of grain “arema”—Image by congerdesign from Pixabay. 

Arema – Heap 

Arema is a heap of sheaves. For example, when Boaz “went to lie down at the end of the heap [הָעֲרֵמָ֑ה ha’arema] of grain” (Ruth 3:7). (We ought not to envision processed grain that comes out of a harvester-tractor). Boaz was lying on a heap of sheaves, like a straw bed.  

The word is also used regarding the destruction of Babylon; Jeremiah wrote, “Cast her up as heaps [עֲרֵמִ֖ים aremim] of ruins” (Jer 50:26).  

Aram means to be heaped up. It occurs once in the Bible in the verbal form; and we find it in other places as a noun or heap, and we also find in Micah 4:12.  

“Now also many nations have gathered against you, who say, ‘Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion.’ But they do not know the thoughts of the Lord, nor do they understand His counsel; for He will gather them like sheaves [כֶּעָמִ֥יר k’amir] to the threshing floor” (Micah 4:11-12). 

In Hebrew, it is called a linguistic metathesis where two letters can switch, and this does happen. Amir and arema both have the same meaning, but the letters can change places because of the metathesis. There are many examples of this happening.320 Thus, we have the same basic meanings in Amir and arema.  

God says He will gather like sheaves to the threshing floor, those who are coming against Jerusalem. This motif carries through in this Armageddon/ Second Coming event.  

Could arema transliterated into Greek become arma-? Based on the evidence of transliterated Hebrew words in the New Testament, the answer is yes. For example, the Hebrew: Hoshianna [הוֹשִׁ֘יעָ֥ה] is transliterated and reduced to Hosanna [Ωσαννα]. We also have the curious word Ephphatha [ἐφφαθά], which I wrote about in Discovering the Language of Jesus (2005). The gospel of Mark tells us the word means, “be opened.” It is a Niphal imperfect (future / command) of the Hebrew verb: patach [פּתח].  

Job 12:14, Job 32:19, Ezekiel 24:27, and Ezekiel 46:1 are the only verses with the form יפּתח. Three of the four have the vocalization yippate’ach and the fourth has yippatach.321 

If Jesus were using the form yippate’ach for Ephphatha (versus yippatach) then we would see a reduction of the “e” vowel. This gives us a template for how arema may have been reduced to arma in the transliteration.  

Gei – Valley 

There are several words for valley in Hebrew: Bakka is בקעה (Bi’kah) indicates widely extended plains such as Babylon, Lebanon, and the area at the foot of Mt. Hermon. The Valley of Megiddo is the Bik’at Megiddo; a wide-open expanse that farmers love, due to the abundant flat area.  

Emek is a deeper valley of wide extent fit for agriculture and warfare. For example, the Valley of Jehoshaphat, Emek Yehoshafat, in Jerusalem.  

Lastly, Gei means a deep valley, canyon. Gei Ben-Hinnom, the Valley of the Son of Hinnom is just outside of Jerusalem where sacrifices were offered to Molech. In Zechariah 14: “And the Mount of Olives shall be split in two… Making a very large valley [גֵּ֖יא gei]” (Zech 14:4).  

Don – Judgment 

The last word is don, which comes from the Hebrew din or ladon and according to the Theological workbook of the Old Testament, “din” is nearly identical in meaning with shaphat322 which we have seen in the word Jehoshaphat. Yeho-shaphat is where God will judge and cast in his sickle.  

“I will also gather all nations, and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat; and I will enter into judgment with them there (Joel 3:2) Put in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe. Come, go down; for the winepress is full” (Joel 3:13). 

How do we get dôn from din? The same root is found in the word Dani-el, “God is my judge.” The infinitive absolute always has the ô, e.g.: mot [מוֹת môt] sov [סֹב sôv], gol, [גּוֹל gôl] and dom [דּ֤וֹם dôm]. For example: 

  • Be silent [דּ֤וֹם] in the LORD’s presence… (Ps 37:7).  
  • You are to weep in silence [דֹּ֗ם]…” (Ezek 24:17).  

Hence, judgment is written as dôn [דּ֤וֹן].  

Summary 

Putting it all together, we see that there is no mountain of Megiddo.323 And no, the battle will not take place in the Jezreel (Megiddo) valley; rather, God will come like a man of war and will fight to save his people in Jerusalem. The battle takes place (initially) in the Valley of Jehoshaphat, next to the Valley of Gei Ben-Hinnom (Gehenna) where God is going to reap outside of the city (refer to Figure 44). Outside the city is where He is going to trample these grapes.  

 It should be noted here that this Valley of Judgment [דּ֤וֹן -גֵּ֖יא gei-don] does not yet exist on the map. It will be created when Jesus’ foot touches down on the Mt. of Olives and it cleaves in two, thereby creating the “gei-don,” and the “heap” will be the bodies of the Beast’s army. We will consider this epic battle in the next chapter.  

The pieces fit together with the Scriptural motifs of Jesus harvesting and treading grapes, and with the motif of the crossing of the Red Sea, (it appears God likes to recycle themes). Lastly, we will see how Satan will pull out all the stops to plan for this battle to take Jerusalem and defeat God; but in the end, he will be “hoisted with his own petard.”324 Just like in the Proverb “Whoever digs a pit will fall into it” (Prov 26:27), the Beast will fall in the trap that he sets for the Jerusalemites.  

Our etymology of Armageddon as arema-gei-don, where Arema means harvested heap, Gei means valley and Don means judgment, yields: “the heap of the valley of the judgement,” and fits far better than the nonexistent mountain of Megiddo, or the even weaker interpretation of the mountain of appointed times.  

Bible Study with Douglas Revelation 14 & 15 Armageddon March 28

In this teaching, Douglas explains how the battle Armageddon takes place in the Kidron valley / valley of Jehoshaphat just outside of Jerusalem and not up on the Jezreel valley, as is commonly taught. He gives the linguistic explanation showing how instead of Har Megiddon, the word could be understood as Arema (heap, pile, sheaf), Gei (valley), Don (judgment).