Yarchetei Tzafon & Satan is the God of Death

Appendix 6: Yarchetei Tzafon & Appendix 7: Satan is the God of Death  

Gog is said to come from the “the farthest sides of the North,” a phrase used five times in Scripture. In Hebrew it is [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon]. It is used to reference to God’s abode.  

In the city of our God, In His holy mountain…Is Mount Zion on the sides of the north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], The city of the great King (Psa 48:1-2).  

That city is identified as heavenly: “Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem” (Heb 12:22). We also recall how Satan said he wanted to:  

“‘…ascend into heaven, [he said] I will exalt my throne above the stars [angels] of God; I will also sit on the mount(ain) of the congregation on the farthest sides of the north” [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon] (Isa 14:13).  

In Ezekiel 28, we are told that Satan was “on the holy mountain of God” (Ezek 28:14). These usages demonstrate how the phrase is not referring to a physical realm place but a spiritual / heavenly place. In other words, the spiritual dimension is a place. It is not just an abstraction; it is there in the geographical area compatible with God’s presence, but is in a dimensionally different space that we cannot see, walk, drive, or fly to. 

When Ezekiel used the phrase three times in Ezekiel 38-39, it was already established as a spiritual place rather than purely physical.  

  • “Gomer and all its troops; the house of Togarmah from the far north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], and all its troops–many people are with you. (Ezek 38:6)  
  • “Then you will come from your place out of the far north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great company and a mighty army. (Ezek 38:15) 
  • “and I will turn you around and lead you on, bringing you up from the far north [יַרְכְּתֵ֥י צָפֽוֹן yarchetei tzafon], and bring you against the mountains of Israel. (Ezek 39:2) 

We may conclude that the army coming from the far north may not merely be a topographical reference but likely has a dual reality: partly physical and definitely spiritual. This makes perfect sense when we see Satan and his angels, who had previously been confined only to the spiritual realm, forced into this realm: “nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer, (Rev 12:8) the great dragon was cast out…to the earth” (Rev 12:9). We also see these beings go out to gather the nations to the great battle:  

Figure 60. The approximate locations of people described in Ezekiel 38-39. 

For they are spirits of demons, performing signs, which go out to the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. (Rev 16:14) 

So, we see the armies that will face each other: on one side Gog’s hordes comprised of humans who have become hybrids. On the other side the heavenly hosts who will now operate openly in the earthly realm. 

Appendix 7: Satan is the God of Death  

For us to make sense of some of the end times prophecies about Satan (the great dragon), we need to recall that before the cross, Satan had the “power of death” (Heb 2:14) and ruled mankind “through fear of death [who] were all their lifetime subject to bondage” (Heb 2:15). Satan is the god of death, the god of the underworld (Sheol / Hades) and known as a mountain, three points that will connect many dots.  

We recall from our studies in Corrupting the Image 2 how Satan’s secret logogram 12041 BAD death BAD, hidden in the Hermon inscription (BATios), revealed him as the god of death. 347 The plural and imperfect singular stem of uš (to die) is ug7, 348 Sumerologist John Halloran points out how one of the words for lion in Sumerian was “ug(2): n., rage, anger, fury; storm(-demon); lion; wild animal; lamentation.” He also notes it is related to “ug4,5,7,8: n., death; dead person. v., to kill; to die (singular and plural marû stem; plural ‹amu, which is sometimes reduplicated; cf., úš).” 349 

Professor Amar Annus notes that Dagan and Enlil “share the logogram BAD (=IDIM). The name of Dagan is written logographically dKUR … a shortened form of Enlil’s epithet KUR.GAL ‘great mountain.’”350 One of Enlil’s major epithets was KUR-GAL (great mountain) which was also ascribed to god the Amorites (Amurru / MARTU) demonstrating that they were “one and the same god.”351 Furthermore Frans Wiggermann notes how Nergal, god of the underworld was another syncretism of Enlil and was explicitly called the “Enlil of the mountain (kur netherworld).” 352 Additionally, Nergal / Ninurta was “the lion, whom the Great Mountain (= Enlil) engendered,”353 and also “Enlil the Great Mountain made obeisance to him.”354  

Hence Satan was the god of the dead (BAD), was god of the underworld (via Nergal) and was described as a mountain (KUR-GAL). These points are true for his aliases, the gods of death: Dagon, Molech, Addu, and Isthara.355  

We also recall that Satan was known definitively as the great dragon in the ancient world by the names Ushumgal, mušuššu and Basmu.  

 “Ušumgallu also designates a host of Mesopotamian deities, including Marduk … His exalted position over humanity is expressed in the appellation, “great dragon of the heavens and earth.” 356 The Ušumgallu was also known as the Anzu bird or ‘lion-dragon’ 357 whose foremost quality was “being a determined killer, killing probably with its venom, and frightening even the gods.”358  

Figure 61. UŠUMGAL or Anzu bird Icon By editor Austen Henry Layard, drawing by L. Gruner – Monuments of Nineveh. 

Another dragon was the Bašmu snake-dragon (Bashan in the Bible and sometimes as a catch all term for dragon). It was a determined killer, and was a suitable epithet for gods and kings! 359 Bashmu, in astronomy, was the constellation Hydra 360, the seven headed dragon361 killed “by the god Ningirsu or Ninurta.”362 “Nergal’s divine staff was as ‘awe-inspiring as a serpent’ and Ninurta’s mace consisted of seven snake-like heads.”363 Furthermore, Nergal / Ninurta / Enlil) was described as: “[ú-šum]-gal-lu ṣīru tābik imti elišunu “The majestic, great dragon who pours his venom upon them.” 364  

Figure 62. Ninurta killing one of the heads of the seven-headed serpent. Bible Review, Oct. 1992, 28 (=ANEP #671) (Early Dynastic). Courtesy of the Bible Lands Museum, Jerusalem. 

Nergal god of the underworld and syncretism of Ninurta, Melqart, Marduk and Enlil, was called a seven-headed snake. The great dragon of Revelation has “seven heads and ten horns,” (Rev 12:3) as does the Beast, who has “seven heads and ten horns” (Rev 13:1). Not only does the iconography reveal a great dragon,365 but John saw “one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the Beast (Rev 13:3). Looking at Figure 62 above, we see that one of the heads is mortally wounded. God is revealing that the symbols in Revelation relate directly back to the false gods of Babylon.   

Figure 63. Ninurta with wings. 

There were many variations of the dragon, but they all lead back to a merging of Enlil and Ninurta (Satan and Nimrod). Jacobsen notes that with Ninurta “in time the animal forms were rejected in favor of imagining the god in human form only.”366 The lion with wings found in Old Babylonian, Akkadian (Assyrian), and Neo-Babylonian iconography is the same description we find in the Book of Daniel:  

“The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings. I watched till its wings were plucked off; and it was lifted up from the earth and made to stand on two feet like a man, and a man’s heart was given to it” (Dan 7:4).  

The next two creatures, the bear and leopard, are also predators like the lion.  

“And suddenly another beast, a second, like a bear. It was raised up on one side, and had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth. And they said thus to it: ‘Arise, devour much flesh!’ (Dan 7:5) “After this I looked, and there was another, like a leopard, which had on its back four wings of a bird. The beast also had four heads, and dominion was given to it. (Dan 7:6)  

The bear, “raised up on one side” appears unbalanced, a likely reference to the supremacy of the Persians in the Medo-Persian empire who came after the Neo-Babylonian empire. This same imbalance is present in the vision Daniel has in chapter eight: “was a ram which had two horns, and the Two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher one came up last” (Dan 8:3). The angel gives a plain interpretation about the ram with “two horns–they are the kings of Media and Persia” (Dan 8:20). The imbalanced bear in chapter seven is also Medo-Persia. The meaning of the three ribs is not clear but Persia did indeed devour much flesh in the amount of territory they conquered, which included Babylon.  

In 331 BC, Darius III, the last Persian king, was defeated by Alexander the Great at the Battle of Gaugamela. The angel told Daniel “the male goat is the kingdom of Greece” (Dan 8:21). The leopard is known for its great speed and Alexander the great conquered Babylon and the entire Persian empire with incredible speed. The four wings and four heads are almost certainly referring to the four generals who succeeded Alexander the great. In chapter eight, the angel says plainly: “the male goat is the kingdom of Greece” (Dan 8:21a). He then follows up “The large horn that is between its eyes is the first king” (Dan 8:21b); the first king is Alexander the Great.  

Lastly, he interprets: “As for the broken horn and the four that stood up in its place, four kingdoms shall arise out of that nation, but not with its power” (Dan 8:22). The vision of chapters seven and eight are one and the same though chapter eight focuses only on Medo-Persia and Greece (and its subsequent kingdoms). John also notes characteristics of “the beast… like a leopard, his feet were like the feet of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion” (Rev 13:2). In each succeeding kingdom, the management changed but Satan’s (detestable) worship system remained in effect. 

The Beast that will ascend out of the abyss, therefore, is the culmination and composite of the three kingdoms which ruled Babylon and supported the woman. The Beast will possess all their power, strength, speed, influence, authority, glory, and pride. The Beast will have a fierce countenance (Dan 8:23) and his power will not be his own (Dan 8:24). The source of the beast’s power will come from Satan himself. “The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and great authority. (Rev 13:2) It will be a repeat of what he previously did with Nimrod (Ninurta), “whom Enlil has exalted above himself” 367  

These dragons and amalgamated creatures represent Enlil and his various syncretisms such as Nergal, Ninurta, Marduk, etc. Their common identifier is that they are fierce killers which is why their impersonator himself is called “death” and are often known as the god of the underworld. Hence Satan is the king (god) of death, the god of the underworld (Sheol / Hades). Put another way, Death (מָ֔וֶת Mavet) and Sheol or Death and Hades are epithets of Satan. It is important for us to have the right understanding of what comes next: the covenant with death and Sheol / Hades grants Satan authority over mankind.